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As a base for human transcriptome and functional genomics, we created the “full-length long Japan” (FLJ) collection of sequenced human cDNAs. We determined the entire sequence of 21,243 selected clones and found that 14,490 cDNAs (10,897 clusters) were unique to the FLJ collection. About half of them (5,416) seemed to be protein-coding. Of those, 1,999(More)
Cholera toxin (CT) is a potent adjuvant; however, the mechanism for its ability to enhance mucosal immunity has not been fully elucidated. We report here that CT exerts its adjuvant properties by signaling through the GM1 ganglioside receptor. When ganglioside-defective mice were given the antigen (Ag) ovalbumin (OVA) with CT by the oral route, CT failed to(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS T helper (Th) 1 and Th2 cell subsets significantly influence the pathological features of inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract in a distinct manner. It is now established that the transfer of CD4(+)CD45RB(Hi) (RB(Hi)) T cells to either severe combined immunodeficient (SCID) or recombinase activation gene 2-deficient (RAG(-/-)) mice(More)
Despite the huge number of colonized Gram-negative bacteria in the colon, the normal colon maintains its homeostasis without any excessive immune response. To investigate the potential mechanisms involved, human colonic lamina propria mononuclear cells (LPMCs) obtained from uninflamed mucosa were cultured with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) prepared from(More)
In this article, we would like to introduce the WABOT-HOUSE project. The attraction of the Waseda University, the School of Science and Engineering, through the Gifu prefecture was the cue of the project. In consequence, the WABOT-HOUSE is the co-operation project with industrial and administrative sectors. Its goal is to encourage the regional industry and(More)
Lymph node (LN) dissection is the primary option for head and neck cancer when imaging modalities and biopsy confirm metastasis to the sentinel LN. However, there are no effective alternative treatments to dissection for LN metastasis. Here, we describe a novel drug delivery system combining nano/microbubbles (NMBs) with ultrasound (US) that exhibits(More)
6(I),6(IV)-Di-O-[α-l-fucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-β-d-glucopyranosyl]-cyclomaltoheptaose (βCD) {6(I),6(IV)-di-O-[α-l-Fuc-(1→6)-β-d-GlcNAc]-βCD (5)} and 6-O-[α-l-fucopyranosyl-(1→6)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-β-d-glucopyranosyl]-βCD {6-O-[α-l-Fuc-(1→6)-β-d-GlcNAc]-βCD (6)} were chemically synthesized using the corresponding authentic compounds,(More)
Trees have been a pillar of our lives not just for human but for all the species living in the earth. Despite of its blessings for our lives, the heaps of problems around forestry have not been solved. One of the major problems in this field is that most of the forest are not been sorted into an organized database. Detailed natural data have never been(More)
From a mixture of 4-nitrophenyl α-L-fucopyranoside and D-mannopyranose, 3-O-α-L-fucopyranosyl-D-mannopyranose was synthesised through the transferring action of α-fucosidase (Sumizyme PHY). 6(I),6(IV)-Di-O-(3-O-α-L-fucopyranosyl-α-D-mannopyranosyl)-cyclomaltoheptaose {8, 6(I),6(IV)-di-O-[α-L-Fuc-(1→3)-α-D-Man]-βCD} was chemically synthesised using the(More)
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