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Results On the T2-T3 continuum Chinese: the perceptual boundary is distinct and there is a significant tendency of the interaction between tone contexts and the identification of T-2 and T-3 (FT2 (1, 7) = 6.44, p<0.05; FT3 (1, 7) =6.10, p<0.05). To make it more concise, the perceptual boundary between T2 and T3 emerges later along the continuum when the(More)
The distribution of Phellinus noxius is currently limited to tropical and subtropical regions of Southeast and East Asia, Oceania, Central America, and Africa. The ability of this pathogen to produce disease in temperate climates is unknown. We examined the pathogenicity of Phellinus noxius on four important conifer plantation species grown under temperate(More)
The relationship between the taxa of airborne fungi and the decay risk was investigated. Airborne fungi in 1,000 l of air were trapped on Japanese cedar disks, and incubated in a damp container kept at 26ºC. After 16-week incubation, filamentous fungi grown on the disks were isolated and DNA extracted from each isolate was amplified with the primers(More)
“Matsutake” mushrooms are formed by several species of Tricholoma sect. Caligata distributed across the northern hemisphere. A phylogenetic analysis of matsutake based on virtually neutral mutations in DNA sequences resolved robust relationships among Tricholoma anatolicum, Tricholoma bakamatsutake, Tricholoma magnivelare, Tricholoma matsutake, and(More)
Phellinus noxius is a pathogenic fungus that causes brown root rot disease in a variety of tree species. This fungus is distributed in tropical and sub-tropical regions of Southeast and East Asia, Oceania, Australia, Central America and Africa. In Japan, it was first discovered on Ishigaki Island in Okinawa Prefecture in 1988; since then, it has been found(More)
Article Title: Brown root rot caused by Phellinus noxius in the Ogasawara (Bonin) islands, southern Japan-current status of the disease and its host plants 12 th sentence under paragraph 3: For molecular identification, we used two LSU data (DDBJ Accession Nos. LC049950 and LC049951) derived from two P. noxius isolates (WD 1223 obtained from a fruiting body(More)
Trunk rot, caused by Fomitiporia torreyae, is one of the most economically important sap rot diseases on Cryptomeria japonica, especially on a cutting cultivar ‘Sanbu-sugi’. This disease had been reported only from Chiba and Ibaraki prefectures in Japan; however, a similar trunk rot on Japanese cedars was found recently in Kyoto prefecture. We identified(More)
An unusual mortality of several woody plant species was recently found in the Ogasawara Islands. Here, we show that brown root rot caused by Phellinus noxius was the primary cause of this unusual tree death. Typical symptoms of the disease were confirmed on 41 plant species in 29 plant families. Among them, 23 were novel hosts of P. noxius, including 15(More)
The decay risk of airborne wood-decay fungi in the same volume of air was investigated by using an air sampler over the course of a year at three different sampling sites. Japanese cedar disks measuring 7.8 cm in diameter and about 3 mm in thickness, and with a moisture content of about 100 % were placed in a “BIOSAMP” air sampler and then exposed to 1000 l(More)
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