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We examined whether proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) could provide accurate information on histological grade and cell proliferation in astrocytomas. We studied 23 patients with astrocytomas: five grade II, 10 grade III and eight with grade IV (glioblastoma multiforme). We performed proton MRS and determined the Ki-67 labeling index (LI), a(More)
 Eight patients with ganglioglioma who received surgical treatment at our institute between January 1989 and January 1997 were reviewed to determine their clinical, CT and MRI characteristics. Tumours were located in the temporal lobe (four patients), trigone of the lateral ventricle (two patients), basal ganglia (one patient) and fronto-temporal lobe (one(More)
OBJECTIVES Although it has been reported that epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is able to translocate from the plasma membrane to the nucleus, the pathophysiological role of this translocation in tumorigenicity is still unclear. In the present study, to elucidate the pathophysiological significance of EGFR translocation, we investigated the(More)
OBJECTIVE Comparative evaluation of diagnostic efficacy of stereotactic brain biopsy performed with and without additional use of spectroscopic imaging ((1)H-MRS) for target selection was done. METHODS From 2002 to 2006, 30 patients with parenchymal brain lesions underwent (1)H-MRS-supported frame-based stereotactic biopsy, whereas in 39 others MRI-guided(More)
PURPOSE The incidence of colorectal neoplasia has increased among patients with longstanding and extensive ulcerative colitis (UC). Therefore, surveillance colonoscopy has been widely recommended. However, there is controversy about the impact of cancer surveillance, and ways to improve its effectiveness are being sought. The estrogen receptor (ER) gene(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a major complication after carotid endarterectomy (CEA). We investigated whether our strategy of minimizing intraoperative cerebral ischemia and strict postoperative blood pressure control under continuous sedation prevented postoperative hyperperfusion. METHODS Eighty consecutive patients undergoing CEA were(More)
UNLABELLED We evaluated 3'-deoxy-3'-(18)F-fluorothymidine ((18)F-FLT) uptake in patients with newly diagnosed and recurrent gliomas and correlated the results with tumor grade and proliferative activity. METHODS (18)F-FLT PET was investigated retrospectively in 56 patients, including 36 with newly diagnosed gliomas and 20 with recurrent gliomas. The(More)
AIM To investigate mucin expression profiles in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) histological subtypes with regard to clinicopathologic variables and prognosis. METHODS Mucin (MUC)2 and MUC5AC expressions were assessed by immunohistochemistry for a total of 250 CRC cases that underwent surgical resection. CRCs included 63 well-to-moderately differentiated(More)
PURPOSE Tumor cell dissociation-the histologic finding of small solid carcinoma cell clusters and groups of dissociated dedifferentiated carcinoma cells at the invasive front-is related to tumor metastasis and patient prognosis. However, few previous reports have examined tumor cell dissociation in submucosal invasive colorectal carcinoma. We investigated(More)
Genetic alterations and their association with clinicopathological features in colorectal mucinous carcinoma (MC) remain unknown. In particular, little is known about the mutational status of the BRAF gene, which is activated by oncogenic Ras. This study aimed to evaluate the status of BRAF together with K-ras, p53 and mismatch-repair deficiency to clarify(More)