Learn More
Bradykinin (BK) is produced and acts at the site of injury and inflammation. In the CNS, migration of microglia toward the lesion site plays an important role pathologically. In the present study, we investigated the effect of BK on microglial migration. Increased motility of cultured microglia was mimicked by B1 receptor agonists and markedly inhibited by(More)
Galanin (GAL) is a neuropeptide which is up-regulated following neuronal axotomy or inflammation. One subtype of GAL receptor (GalR2) is reported to be expressed in the brain's immune cell population, microglia. In the present study, we investigated the effect of GAL on microglial migration and compared the mechanism with that of bradykinin (BK). GAL(More)
Recently, we showed that antibodies against 70-kDa heat-shock cognate 66otein (hsc70) inhibit nuclear transport of karyophilic proteins in vivo. In this study, we examined the involvement of hsc70 in nuclear transport using a digitonin-permeabilized cell-free transport system. Depletion of the cytosolic extract required for nuclear transport of hsc70 by(More)
Microglia express AMPA (α-amino-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazole-4-propionate)-type of glutamate (Glu) receptors (AMPAR), which are highly Ca(2+) impermeable due to the expression of GluA2. However, the functional importance of AMPAR in microglia remains to be investigated, especially under pathological conditions. As low expression of GluA2 was reported in some(More)
L-tri-iodothyronine (3, 3', 5-triiodothyronine; T3) is an active form of the thyroid hormone (TH) essential for the development and function of the CNS. Though nongenomic effect of TH, its plasma membrane-bound receptor, and its signaling has been identified, precise function in each cell type of the CNS remained to be investigated. Clearance of cell debris(More)
Microglia, the immune cells of the central nervous system (CNS), are busy and vigilant housekeepers in the adult brain. The main candidate as a chemoattractant for microglia at damaged site is adenosine triphosphate (ATP). However, many other substances can induce immediate change of microglia. Some neuropeptides such as angiotensin II, bradykinin (BK),(More)
  • 1