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Sialic acid (Sia) is a family of acidic nine-carbon sugars that occupies the nonreducing terminus of glycan chains. Diversity of Sia is achieved by variation in the linkage to the underlying sugar and modification of the Sia molecule. Here we identified Sia-dependent epitope specificity for GL7, a rat monoclonal antibody, to probe germinal centers upon T(More)
To understand physiological roles of tissue mast cells, we established a culture system where bone marrow-derived immature mast cells differentiate into the connective tissue-type mast cell (CTMC)-like cells through modifying the previous co-culture system with Swiss 3T3 fibroblasts. Our system was found to reproducibly mimic the differentiation of CTMCs on(More)
Sphingolipids act as signaling mediators that regulate a diverse range of cellular events. Although numerous sphingolipid functions have been studied, little is known about the effect of sphingolipids on monocyte differentiation into macrophages. Here, we report that two lysosphingolipids, sphingosylphosphorylcholine (SPC) and lysosulfatide (LSF), inversely(More)
The infection of feline thymic lymphoma 3201 cells with a cell culture-adapted Petaluma strain of feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) led to the establishment of survivor cells designated as 3201-S after a productive infection associated with extensive cell killing. 3201-S cells were free of FIV DNA, and were found to express CXCR4, a coreceptor for(More)
Migraine is a multifactorial disease with various factors, such as genetic polymorphisms and personality traits, but the contribution of those factors is not clear. To clarify the pathogenesis of migraine, the contributions of genetic polymorphisms and personality traits were simultaneously investigated using multivariate analysis. Ninety-one migraine(More)
We investigated the possible association of serotonin (5-HT) 2A receptor gene A-1438G polymorphism in Japanese patients with migraine. Genotyping of 5-HT(2A) A-1438G polymorphism was performed by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism in patients with migraine (male 17 : 3 with aura and 14 without aura, female 65 : 17 with aura(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied the physical and mental conditions of 8 healthy young female ambulance paramedics working 24-hour shifts during their menstrual cycle, including assessment of cardiac autonomic nervous system activity by heart rate variability power spectral analysis. METHODS The autonomic activity during the awake period of on- and off-duty days in(More)
Siglec-2 is a mammalian sialic acid binding protein expressed on B-cell surfaces and is involved in the modulation of B-cell mediated immune response. We synthesized a unique starfish ganglioside, AG2 pentasaccharide Galfbeta(1-3)Galpalpha(1-4)Neu5Acalpha(2-3)Galpbeta(1-4)Glcp, and found that the synthetic pentasaccharide binds to human Siglec-2 by(More)
BACKGROUND Glycan biosynthesis occurs though a multi-step process that requires a variety of enzymes ranging from glycosyltransferases to those involved in cytosolic sugar metabolism. In many cases, glycan biosynthesis follows a glycan-specific, linear pathway. As glycosyltransferases are generally regulated at the level of transcription, assessing the(More)
Serum and gingival crevicular fluid from normal healthy adults and patients with periodontitis were screened for immunoglobulin G antibodies to antigens from Bacteroides gingivalis 381, Bacteroides intermedius 24, Bacteroides loescheii ATCC 15930, Fusobacterium nucleatum ATCC 25586, Eikenella corrodens 1073, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans ATCC 29522,(More)