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Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound, a form of mechanical energy transmitted as high-frequency acoustical pressure waves, provides noninvasive therapeutic treatment for accelerating fracture repair and distraction osteogenesis. Relatively young osteoblasts respond to ultrasound by transiently upregulating message levels of immediate-early genes as well as that(More)
Osteocyte-like cells were prepared by sequentially treating calvaria from newborn rats with collagenase and chelating agents. On a reconstituted gel of basement membrane components, cells from the third collagenase digest displayed a round shape and expressed the highest level of alkaline phosphatase with minimal osteocalcin deposition into the matrix. On(More)
Mechanical unloading, such as in a microgravity environment in space or during bed rest (for patients who require prolonged bed rest), leads to a decrease in bone mass because of the suppression of bone formation and the stimulation of bone resorption. To address the challenges presented by a prolonged stay in space and the forthcoming era of a super-aged(More)
To explore lineage-dependent responses to mechanical stress in bone cells, newborn rat calvarial cells, exhibiting differential characteristics of osteoblastic and osteocytic cells, were compared in their immediate and late responses to stretching. Seven fractions of sequentially prepared cells were cultured on Matrigel to promote their differentiation. By(More)
This paper documents for the first time a volume-sensitive Ca(2+) influx pathway in osteocytes, which transmits loading-induced signals into bone formation. Stretch loading by swelling rat and chicken osteocytes in hypo-osmotic solution induced a rapid and progressive increase of cytosolic calcium concentration, [Ca(2+)](i). The influx of extracellular(More)
INTRODUCTION The effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on cell growth was examined in three-dimensional-cultured chondrocytes with a collagen sponge. To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the mechanical activation of chondrocytes, intracellular signaling pathways through the Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and the(More)
Our goal in this study was to determine to what extent the physiologic consequences of ovariectomy (OVX) in bones are exacerbated by a lack of daily activity such as walking. We forced 14-week-old female rats to be inactive for 15 weeks with a unique experimental system that prevents standing and walking while allowing other movements. Tibiae, femora, and(More)
Prior 8-week treatment with menatetrenone, MK-4, followed by 8-week risedronate prevented the shortcomings of individual drugs and significantly increased the strength of ovariectomized ICR mouse femur compared to the ovariectomized (OVX) controls. Neither MK-4 following risedronate nor the concomitant administration may be recommended because they brought(More)
The aim of this study is to clarify the effect of low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on shortening of the fracture healing period and endochondral ossification during the fracture healing process. We first established a model of aging-related delayed union fractures consisting of aged mouse (C57BL/6J; 40 weeks old) with closed femur fractures. We(More)
The effects of 20-min exposure to low-intensity, pulsed ultrasound were investigated in ST2 cells of bone marrow stromal origin. They responded to ultrasound with elevated levels of IGF mRNAs, osteocalcin, and bone sialoprotein mRNAs. The upregulated expression of these messages appeared in a biphasic manner, with the first peak resistant to the protein(More)