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Chronic liver disease is a major public health problem worldwide. Liver fibrosis, a common feature of almost all causes of chronic liver disease, involves the accumulation of collagen, proteoglycans, and other macromolecules within the extracellular matrix. Fibrosis tends to progress, leading to hepatic dysfunction, portal hypertension, and ultimately(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) contributes to the progression of pulmonary fibrosis through up-regulation of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) as lung myofibroblast differentiation. Bioactive sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) has been shown to mimic TGF-beta signals; however, the function of S1P in lung fibrotic process has not been well(More)
PURPOSE To compare the accuracy of several magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-based methods for hepatic proton-density fat fraction (FF) estimation at 3.0 T, with spectroscopy as the reference technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS This prospective study was institutional review board approved and HIPAA compliant. Informed consent was obtained. One hundred(More)
Phenolic non-flavonoid compounds in diets, such as chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid are widely recognized to be antioxidants. However, it is not known how these phenolics scavenge reactive species of oxygen and nitrogen. We determined the rate constants of the reactions between the phenolics with superoxide and hydroxyl radical with a pulse radiolysis. The(More)
PURPOSE To compare PRESS and STEAM MR spectroscopy for assessment of liver fat in human subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS Single-voxel (20 x 20 x 20 mm) PRESS and STEAM spectra were obtained at 1.5T in 49 human subjects with known or suspected fatty liver disease. PRESS and STEAM sequences were obtained with fixed TR (1500 msec) and different TE (five PRESS(More)
Avian perivitelline membrane, an investment homologous to the zona pellucida of mammalian oocytes, is composed of at least two glycoproteins. Previous studies have indicated that one of the components, a glycoprotein homologous to mammalian ZPC, is produced and secreted by the granulosa cells of developing follicles of the chicken ovary. In the present(More)
The effect of chlorogenic acid (CGA) on the killing of Escherichia coli by hypochlorous acid (HOCI) was examined. CGA prevented E. coli from bactericidal action of HOCI in a concentration-dependent manner. HOCI reacted rapidly with CGA. By comparison with the one- and two-electron oxidation products produced by peroxidase and phenolase reactions,(More)
UNLABELLED Ezetimibe inhibits intestinal cholesterol absorption and lowers low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Uncontrolled studies have suggested that it reduces liver fat as estimated by ultrasound in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Therefore, we aimed to examine the efficacy of ezetimibe versus placebo in reducing liver fat by the magnetic(More)
Adult-onset type II citrullinemia, characterized by a liver-specific argininosuccinate synthetase deficiency, is caused by a deficiency of citrin that is encoded by the SLC25A13 gene. Three patients with infantile cholestatic jaundice were found to have mutations of the SLC25A13 gene. Adult-onset type II citrullinemia may be associated with infantile(More)