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To investigate the aetiological role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in breast cancer, we examined the presence, genotype, viral load, and physical status of HPV in 124 Japanese female patients with breast carcinoma. Human papillomavirus presence was examined by PCR using SPF10 primers, and primer sets targeting the E6 region of HPV-16, -18, and -33. The(More)
BACKGROUND Endoscopic thyroidectomy is a well-established surgical technique. We have been utilizing precordial video-assisted neck surgery (VANS) with a gasless anterior neck skin lifting method. Recently, natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) has generated excitement among surgeons as potentially scar-free surgery. We developed an(More)
Treatment of early breast cancer using breast conservative therapy (BCT) usually ensures local control and acceptable cosmetic results. To repair defects caused by partial mastectomy in the lower region of the breast, some reconstruction should be used. We developed a procedure involving the cranial based adipofascial (anterior rectus sheath) flap from(More)
BACKGROUND The authors hypothesized that circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in patients with gastric cancer are associated with prognosis and disease recurrence. In this study, they evaluated CTCs in gastric cancer and clarified the clinical impact of CTCs. METHODS In total, 265 consecutive patients with gastric cancer were enrolled. Fourteen patients were(More)
PURPOSE Mesothelin expression is found in normal mesothelium, and cancerous mesothelin has been recently reported in ovarian and pancreas cancer. The clinicopathological implications of mesothelin expression have been discussed with respect to antitumor immunological mechanisms. However, there is no information on mesothelin expression in gastric cancer.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM A new marker, CD208, was recently explored as a mature interdigitating dendritic cell (DC), and the correlation between the infiltration of CD208-positive cells and clinical factors has been reported in various types of cancers. In this study, we tried to clarify the clinical implication of CD208-positive cell infiltration in gastric(More)
BACKGROUND Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is an aggressive gastrointestinal tract cancer. To date, the presence of circulating tumor cells (CTC) has been reported as a prognostic factor in peripheral blood from patients with gastrointestinal cancers. METHODS The CellSearch system was used to isolate and enumerate CTCs. A total of 90 patients with(More)
BACKGROUND The potential for reducing the need for second surgery for axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) has made the intraoperative evaluation of sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs) attractive. The goal of the current study was to evaluate the clinical application of the breast lymph node (BLN) assay, a real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE About 9% of gastric carcinomas have Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in the tumour cells, but it is unclear whether viral presence influences clinical progression. We therefore examined a large multicentre case series for the association of tumour EBV status with survival after gastric cancer diagnosis, accounting for surgical stage and(More)
Breast conservational therapy (BCT) has become a standard strategy for breast cancer, and ensures that local control with acceptable cosmetic results [Fisher B, Anderson S, Redmond CK, et al. Reanalysis and results after 12 years of follow-up in a randomized clinical trial comparing total mastectomy with lumpectomy with or without irradiation in the(More)