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The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using oligonucleotides based on the repetitive sequence (IS986) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a primer and the Gen-Probe Amplified Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Direct Test (MTD), which combines an M. tuberculosis rRNA amplification method with the hybridization protection assay format, were evaluated for detection of M.(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the correlation of the mutations in the pncA gene encoding pyrazinamidase (PZase) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to a loss of PZase activity and development of pyrazinamide (PZA) resistance. DESIGN The association of PZase activity, minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), and mutations in the pncA gene of M. tuberculosis(More)
A high rate of double point mutations in gyrA (56% of 87 ofloxacin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates) indicates the emergence of fluoroquinolone resistance. This is the first report to describe denaturing high-pressure liquid chromatography analysis of mutations in gyrA of M. tuberculosis in a large number of clinical isolates.
China is regarded by the World Health Organization as a major hot-spot region for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Streptomycin has been deployed in China for over 50 years and is still widely used for tuberculosis treatment. We have developed a denaturing HPLC (DHPLC) method for detecting various gene mutations conferring drug resistance in M.(More)
PURPOSE To classify a specific Mycobacterium among various mycobacteria utilizing sequencing of rpoB gene. To classify mycobacteria not identified by DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) using sequencing of rpoB and 16S rRNA gene. OBJECTS AND METHODS Classification of 106 Mycobacteria strains, one Nocardia strain, one Rhodococcus strain, four Gordona strains was(More)
PURPOSE Second clinical infection case of Mycobacterium shinshuense was presented, we tried the identification of M. shinshuense that is isolated from skin. OBJECT Mycobacteria species isolated from cutaneous ulcer lesion of right lower extremity in a 37-year-old woman. METHOD Identification by DNA-DNA Hybridization, 16S rRNA and rpoB method as genomic(More)
PURPOSE To identify mycobacteria isolated from sputa of a 51-year-old female and a 72-year-old male patient with pneumoconiosis. OBJECT AND METHOD Mycobacteria species were isolated from sputa of a 51-year-old female. The culture was always negative in spite of positive smears before the final isolation in 1988. A 72-year-old male patient suffered from(More)
Mycobacterium abscessus group subsp., such as M. massiliense, M. abscessus sensu stricto and M. bolletii, are an environmental organism found in soil, water and other ecological niches, and have been isolated from respiratory tract infection, skin and soft tissue infection, postoperative infection of cosmetic surgery. To determine the unique genetic feature(More)
Nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) infection in HIV (human immunodeficiency virus)-infected patients who have started highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is well known to be one scenario of immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). We encountered the first case in Japan of an HIV-infected patient with pulmonary Mycobacterium(More)
We evaluated the antituberculosis (anti-TB) activity of five β-lactams alone or in combination with β-lactamase inhibitors against 41 clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, including multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant strains. Of those, tebipenem, an oral carbapenem, showed the most potent anti-TB activity against clinical(More)