Learn More
We evaluated the antituberculosis (anti-TB) activity of five β-lactams alone or in combination with β-lactamase inhibitors against 41 clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, including multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant strains. Of those, tebipenem, an oral carbapenem, showed the most potent anti-TB activity against clinical(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using oligonucleotides based on the repetitive sequence (IS986) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis as a primer and the Gen-Probe Amplified Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Direct Test (MTD), which combines an M. tuberculosis rRNA amplification method with the hybridization protection assay format, were evaluated for detection of M.(More)
OBJECTIVE To characterize the correlation of the mutations in the pncA gene encoding pyrazinamidase (PZase) of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to a loss of PZase activity and development of pyrazinamide (PZA) resistance. DESIGN The association of PZase activity, minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), and mutations in the pncA gene of M. tuberculosis(More)
A high rate of double point mutations in gyrA (56% of 87 ofloxacin-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates) indicates the emergence of fluoroquinolone resistance. This is the first report to describe denaturing high-pressure liquid chromatography analysis of mutations in gyrA of M. tuberculosis in a large number of clinical isolates.
Restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis of a large number of Japanese isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, containing isolates from small outbreaks of M. tuberculosis infection, and clinical isolates of M. bovis BCG, was carried out using a DNA probe derived from the insertion sequence IS986. Clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis had a(More)
An extremely rare case of intractable ulcer caused by Mycobacterium shinshuense is described. A 59-year-old Japanese woman developed an ulcerated subcutaneous induration on the upper arm. Ziehl-Neelsen staining revealed positive bacilli. Tissue culture isolated Mycobacterium species, but standard identification techniques (including molecular biological(More)
Two new mycolactones, mycolactones S1 and S2, were isolated from culture agar of Mycobacterium ulcerans subsp. shinshuense. Their structures were established in a three-step procedure: (1) probable structures were speculated from MS analysis; (2) candidates were synthesized; (3) HPLC profiles were established for identification of the natural products.(More)
PURPOSE To classify a specific Mycobacterium among various mycobacteria utilizing sequencing of rpoB gene. To classify mycobacteria not identified by DNA-DNA hybridization (DDH) using sequencing of rpoB and 16S rRNA gene. OBJECTS AND METHODS Classification of 106 Mycobacteria strains, one Nocardia strain, one Rhodococcus strain, four Gordona strains was(More)
China is regarded by the World Health Organization as a major hot-spot region for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Streptomycin has been deployed in China for over 50 years and is still widely used for tuberculosis treatment. We have developed a denaturing HPLC (DHPLC) method for detecting various gene mutations conferring drug resistance in M.(More)
Mycobacterium abscessus group subsp., such as M. massiliense, M. abscessus sensu stricto and M. bolletii, are an environmental organism found in soil, water and other ecological niches, and have been isolated from respiratory tract infection, skin and soft tissue infection, postoperative infection of cosmetic surgery. To determine the unique genetic feature(More)