Yuko Kabumoto

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The type B botulinum neurotoxin (BoNT) elicits flaccid paralysis and death in humans by intoxicating peripheral nerves after oral absorption. Here, we examine the function of the haemagglutinin (HA), a non-toxic component of the large 16S BoNT complex. We find that the HA acts in the intestine to disrupt epithelial barrier function by opening intercellular(More)
Botulinum neurotoxin produced by Clostridium botulinum type B is in the form of a complex of 12S and 16S toxins. Food-borne botulism is caused by these complex toxins which are ingested orally and absorbed from the digestive tract. Here, we show that the human milk SIgA binds to the type B16S toxin. The binding of SIgA to 16S toxin and HA was inhibited by(More)
Clostridium botulinum type C 16S progenitor toxin consists of a neurotoxin (NTX), a non-toxic non-HA (NTNH), and a haemagglutinin (HA). The HA acts as an adhesin, allowing the 16S toxin to bind to intestinal epithelial cells and erythrocytes. In type C, these bindings are dependent on sialic acid. The HA consists of four distinct subcomponents designated(More)
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