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We generated a stable H295R cell line expressing aldosterone synthase gene (CYP11B2) promoter/luciferase chimeric reporter construct that is highly sensitive to angiotensin II (AII) and potassium, and defined AII receptor blocker (ARB) effects. In the presence of AII, all ARBs suppressed AII-induced CYP11B2 transcription. However, telmisartan alone(More)
A cross-sectional study is conducted with primary residents attended wet labs at Tohoku University Hospital Advanced Medical Training Center in order to investigate the efficacy of the training, especially focused on the animal ethics. The 41 participants answered questionnaires in regard to non-technical skills, technical skills and ethics before and after(More)
An outbreak of foot and mouth disease occurred in Miyazaki, Japan, in April 2010, and nearly 290,000 animals were culled to control the disease. This study was conducted to demonstrate the causes and intensity of mental distress felt by the field veterinarians participating in the control programme. A focus group discussion was conducted with ten(More)
Live animals are used in surgical skills training in wet lab, which has undeniable effectiveness for the development of future surgeons. However, where such training is provided, animal welfare is a major consideration. Increasingly, institutions that offer wet-lab training are incorporating animal ethics and welfare-related content into their training(More)
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