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Stratum corneum lipids are an important determinant for both water-retention function and permeability-barrier function in the stratum corneum. However, their major constituent, ceramides, have not been analyzed in detail in skin diseases such as atopic dermatitis that show defective water-retention and permeability-barrier function. In an attempt to assess(More)
Epidermal basal cell injury with colloid body formation is a characteristic feature of lichen planus. Infiltrated cells are thought to be responsible for the epidermal injury. Ultrastructural findings of colloid bodies are typical of apoptosis. Granzymes in cytotoxic T lymphocytes are involved in apoptosis probably together with perforin. Based on this(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms that are involved in the decrease of ceramide levels in atopic dry skin and in aged skin, we examined both the activities of beta-glucocerebrosidase, which is a major enzyme in ceramide production, and of ceramidase, which is an essential enzyme in ceramide degradation, in the stratum corneum of atopic dry skin and aged skin. The(More)
Insulin, contraction, and the nitric oxide (NO) donor, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), all increase glucose transport in skeletal muscle. Some reports suggest that NO is a critical mediator of insulin- and/or contraction-stimulated transport. To determine if the mechanism leading to NO-stimulated glucose uptake is similar to the insulin- or(More)
The aim of the study was to estimate insulin sensitivity (SI), insulin secretion, and glucose effectiveness (SG) in 10 subjects with normal glucose tolerance (eight men and two women) with a family history of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM offspring). Ten glucose-tolerant subjects (eight men and two women) without a family history of NIDDM(More)
The authors report clinical features and therapeutic response of 24 outpatients with acute Chagas' disease, and 3 in the initial chronic phase, referred to the Clinic for Infectious and Parasitic Diseases of the FMUSP "Clínicas" Hospital between 1974 and 1987. The following transmission routes were involved: triatominae in 7 cases, blood transfusion in 9,(More)
BACKGROUND A study was undertaken to determine whether swimming training improved aerobic capacity, exercise induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), and bronchial responsiveness to inhaled histamine in children with asthma. METHODS Eight children with mild or moderate asthma participated in swimming training every day for six weeks. The intensity of training(More)
We describe 23 cases of unusual brownish pigmentation occurring over the bony tissues such as clavicle, scapula or vertebrae. There were 19 females and 4 males. The age ranged from 18 to 59, mostly between 20 and 35 years. Since the first observation in 1977, cases gradually increased. The pigmentation usually showed ripple pattern on the upper back and(More)
Sphingolipids, a major constituent of intercellular lipids, are an important determinant for both water-holding and permeability barrier function in the stratum corneum. To assess the pathogenic role of sphingolipids in the stratum corneum of dry skin disorders such as xerosis and asteatotic eczema in leg skin, ceramides were quantified by thin layer(More)