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The purpose of this study was to establish the optimal management of immature teratoma of the ovary. Pursuant to this, 20 previously untreated patients with immature teratoma were evaluated. Nine patients were at stage I of the disease, 2 had progressed to stage II, and 9 to stage III. Eight patients had grade 1 tumors, 11 had grade 2 tumors, and 1 had a(More)
Twenty-nine ovarian cancer patients with yolk sac tumors and germ cell tumors with yolk sac tissue as a component of their disease (16 endodermal sinus tumor, 11 mixed germ cell tumors, one embryonal carcinoma, and one polyembryoma) were treated with cytoreductive surgery and combination chemotherapy. Prognostic factors were investigated in this group.(More)
After primary cytoreductive surgery 188 patients with epithelial ovarian cancer were treated with combination chemotherapy between 1986 and 1989 in the Tokai Ovarian Tumor Study Group. Clinical remission criteria were set in this study and patients were examined to determine if they were in remission or not. Forty-seven cases (25%) had no remission and(More)
It has recently been reported that an immunosuppressive agent, cyclosporin A, shows a potent overcoming effect on multidrug resistance (MDR). We studied the presence of such a modulating effect of cyclosporin analogues and other immunosuppressive agents, FK506 and mizoribine, in human multidrug-resistant ovarian cancer cells (TAOV/A0.2). The intensity of(More)
Since the incidence of mucinous carcinoma of the ovary is relatively low, with only small numbers of cases at any institution, detailed clinicopathologic studies on the prognosis and the care of patients with mucinous carcinoma are missing. Forty-four patients with mucinous carcinoma were histopathologically subclassified into endocervical (n = 8) and(More)
BACKGROUND We evaluated the clinical features, treatment, and survival status of the patients with borderline ovarian tumors. METHODS A retrospective review of the charts of 150 patients with borderline ovarian tumor registered at the Tokai Ovarian Tumor Study Group from January 1, 1980, to December 31, 1994, was conducted to obtain clinical and(More)
Nonspecific immunoglobulin E (IgE) production is an event characteristically observed in parasitic helminth infections, but its mechanisms are still unclear. To define these mechanisms, we prepared a recombinant Dirofilaria immitis protein (rDiAg) and assessed its effect on nonspecific IgE production. rDiAg preferentially induced nonspecific IgE production,(More)
Immune responses to parasitic helminth are usually characterized by quite mysterious phenomena: dominance of Th2-like immunity and antigen-nonspecific IgE secretion. We previously purified a factor from Dirofilaria immitis that induces antigen-nonspecific IgE in rats and named it DiAg. In the presence of IL-4, DiAg induces mouse B cells to secrete IgE,(More)
To investigate the clinical significance of alpha-Fetoprotein (AFP) in malignant germ cell tumors of the ovary, we studied 46 patients who were treated by the Tokai Ovarian Tumor Study Group. The 46 patients had the following tumors: immature teratoma (IT), 17 cases; endodermal sinus tumor (EST), 16 cases; mixed germ cell tumor containing EST, 11 cases;(More)
We developed a RIA specific for the free beta hCG employing anti-beta hCG monoclonal antibody 1D12. This RIA was highly sensitive to free beta hCG; the minimum detectable concentration was 0.4 ng/ml. alpha hCG, LH, beta LH, and FSH had little effect in the assay; the cross-reactivity of hCG was about 4%. Using this RIA, we measured serum free beta hCG(More)