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Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a tyrosine kinase that is constitutively activated in certain cancers, following gene alterations such as chromosomal translocation, amplification, or point mutation. Here, we identified CH5424802, a potent, selective, and orally available ALK inhibitor with a unique chemical scaffold, showing preferential antitumor(More)
An estimated 170 million individuals worldwide are infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV), a serious cause of chronic liver disease. Current interferon-based therapy for treating HCV infection has an unsatisfactory cure rate, and the development of more efficient drugs is needed. During the early stages of HCV infections, various host genes are(More)
PG490 (triptolide) is a diterpene triepoxide with potent immunosuppressive and antiinflammatory properties. PG490 inhibits interleukin(IL)-2 expression by normal human peripheral blood lymphocytes stimulated with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) and antibody to CD3 (IC50 of 10 ng/ml), and with PMA and ionomycin (Iono, IC50 of 40 ng/ml). In Jurkat(More)
PURPOSE We aimed to find key molecules associated with chemoresistance in ovarian cancer using gene expression profiling as a screening tool. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Using two newly established paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer cell lines from an original paclitaxel-sensitive cell line and four supersensitive and four refractory surgical ovarian cancer(More)
In 16HBE transformed human bronchial epithelial cells, histamine stimulated interleukin (IL)-8 mRNA and protein secretion, and this histamine stimulation was inhibited by the H1-receptor antagonist diphenhydramine (DPH), by the inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase-activating protein (FLAP) MK-886, by the 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor Zileuton, and by dexamethasone.(More)
Lipids are key components in the viral life cycle that affect host-pathogen interactions. In this study, we investigated the effect of HCV infection on sphingolipid metabolism, especially on endogenous SM levels, and the relationship between HCV replication and endogenous SM molecular species. We demonstrated that HCV induces the expression of the genes(More)
The molecular mechanism of the anti-inflammatory effect of erythromycin (EM) was investigated at the level of transcriptional regulation of cytokine gene expression in T cells. EM (>10(-6) M) significantly inhibited interleukin-8 (IL-8) expression but not IL-2 expression from T cells induced with 20 ng of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) per ml plus 2(More)
The FGF receptors (FGFR) are tyrosine kinases that are constitutively activated in a subset of tumors by genetic alterations such as gene amplifications, point mutations, or chromosomal translocations/rearrangements. Recently, small-molecule inhibitors that can inhibit the FGFR family as well as the VEGF receptor (VEGFR) or platelet-derived growth factor(More)
Myristoyl-CoA:protein N-myristoyltransferase (Nmt) is a monomeric enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of the fatty acid myristate from myristoyl-CoA to the N-terminal glycine residue of a variety of eukaryotic and viral proteins. Genetic and biochemical studies have established that Nmt is an attractive target for antifungal drugs. We present here crystal(More)