Yukiyoshi Tamura

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Clonal propagation of Stevia rebaudiana has been established by culturing stem-tips with a few leaf primordia on an agar medium supplemented with a high concentration (10 mg/l) of kinetin. Anatomical examination has suggested that these multiple shoots originate from a number of adventitious buds formed on the margin of the leaf. Innumerable shoots can be(More)
A meroterpene and four flavonoids were isolated from the seeds of Psoralea corylifolia as antioxidative components. Their structures were elucidated by spectral data and identified as bakuchiol (1), bavachinin (2), bavachin (3), isobavachin (4) and isobavachalcone (5). In particular, meroterpene 1 and flavonoids 4 and 5 showed broad antioxidative activities(More)
The growth and sweet diterpene glucosides of Stevia plants propagated by stem-tip cultures were compared with those of the control plants propagated by seeds. There was no significant difference between the two groups both in growth and in chemical composition. As for the contents of sweet diterpene glucosides, however, the clonal plants showed(More)
Various lipases catalyzed the synthesis of capsaicin analogs by amidation of vanillylamine with fatty acid derivatives in a two-phase system. When methyl myristate was employed as an acyl donor, moderate yields, 40-59%, of capsaicin analog (3) were obtained using Novozym 435, Lipase AK or Lipase PS. Several capsaicin analogs having 4-18 carboxyl carbons(More)
Transacylation of capsaicin with triolein using a commercial lipase gave olvanil in an 85% yield at 70 °C for 144 h. When olive oil was employed, the major product was olvanil (62%). Safflower oil gave a mixture of olvanil (39%) and linoleoyl vanillylamide (32%). Perilla oil gave linolenoyl vanillylamide (13%). Myristic acid and its methyl ester could be(More)
Two new isoflavanone and one new 3-arylcoumarin derivatives, along with a known compound 3,4-didehydroglabridin, were isolated from commercially available licorice of Glycyrrhiza glabra origin, and their structures were elucidated on the basis of both the chemical and spectroscopic evidence.
"Licorice oil extract" (LOE) (antioxidant agent) is described in the notice of Japanese food additive regulations as a material obtained from the roots and/or rhizomes of Glycyrrhiza uralensis, G. inflata or G. glabra. In this study, we aimed to identify the original Glycyrrhiza species of eight food additive products using LC/MS. Glabridin, a(More)
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