Yukiya Hashimoto

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Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), a member of the neurotrophin family, and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF), a member of the neurocytokine family, are known to have synergistic effects on motoneurons, but such synergistic effect has not been studied in detail especially in the brain. In the present study, we examined the synergistic effects of(More)
We previously reported that renal function is partly responsible for the interindividual variability of the pharmacokinetics of bisoprolol. The aim of the present study was to examine the variability of bioavailability (F) of bisoprolol in routinely treated Japanese patients and intestinal absorption characteristics of the drug. We first analyzed the plasma(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of R- and S-carvedilol in routinely treated Japanese patients with heart failure. We measured peak and trough blood concentrations at steady state following repeated oral administration to 24 patients. The blood concentration of S-carvedilol with potent beta-blocking activity was lower than that(More)
We have recently found an H+/quinidine antiport system in human kidney HEK 293 cells. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the H+/quinidine antiport system is expressed in Madin–Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells. We investigated the uptake and efflux of quinidine in MDCK cells. The uptake of 100 µM quinidine into MDCK cells was decreased by(More)
We previously reported that aging and/or cytochrome P450 2D6 polymorphism are responsible for the interindividual variability in the systemic clearance (CL) and bioavailability (F) of metoprolol. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the residual variability of F of metoprolol in routinely treated Japanese patients and to investigate the intestinal(More)
Heart failure is accompanied with tissue (circulatory) hypoxia, and the metabolism of several drugs has been reported to be reduced in heart failure. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of another type of respiratory hypoxia, hypoxic hypoxia (FiO2 15 % for 24 h followed by FiO2 10 % for 9 days) on the metabolism of carvedilol enantiomers in(More)
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