Yukiya Hashimoto

Learn More
To evaluate an in vitro model suitable for investigating intestinal first-pass drug metabolism, CYP3A4 and MDR1 mRNA induction by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (VD3) was examined in two human intestinal cell lines, Caco-2 and LS180, under various culture conditions. CYP3A4 mRNA expression was induced by 100 nM VD3 at levels between 234-549 times above(More)
This study was performed to investigate the effect of CYP2D6*10 on the pharmacokinetics of R- and S-carvedilol in healthy Japanese volunteers. Five or 10 mg of carvedilol was orally administered to 23 subjects (22-44 years old), and blood samples were taken at 2 and 6 h after dosing. We determined the polymorphic alleles of CYP2D6 in each subject. The whole(More)
Purpose. The effects of fosfomycin and imipenem/cilastatin on the nephrotoxicity of vancomycin were studied in rats, and those on the renal handling of vancomycin were also investigated in perfused kidneys. Methods. The protective effects of fosfomycin and imipenem/cilastatin on vancomycin nephrotoxicity were evaluated by increases in plasma concentration(More)
In patients routinely treated with metoprolol, influences of CYP2D6 genotype on the response of heart rate to isoproterenol (IP) were studied at its peak and trough concentrations and were compared with those of bisoprolol. In 72 patients treated with metoprolol or bisoprolol, CYP2D6 genotype (ie, CYP2D6*1, *2, *4, *5, *10, and *14) was determined. No(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism for the stereoselective presystemic clearance of carvedilol. We examined the oxidation and glucuronidation of carvedilol in human liver microsomes (HLM) and human intestinal microsomes (HIM). The oxidation of carvedilol in HLM and HIM was evaluated in the presence of NADPH, whereas(More)
Purpose. Tacrolimus, an immunosuppressive agent, has poor and variable bioavailability following oral administration in clinical use. We investigated the contribution of intestinal metabolism to the first pass effect of tacrolimus in rats. Methods. Tacrolimus was administered intravenously, intraportally or intraintestinally to rats. Blood samples were(More)
To investigate the mechanism responsible for the increased bioavailability of propranolol in bilateral ureter-ligated (BUL) rats, the intestinal absorption and hepatic extraction of propranolol and metoprolol were evaluated. The initial absorption rate of these drugs after intra-intestinal administration was only slightly increased in the BUL rats, whereas(More)
Peptide transporters PEPT1 and PEPT2 transport numerous compounds including small peptides, peptide-like drugs and nonpeptidic compounds such as valacyclovir. PEPT1 and PEPT2 show low and high affinity for most substrates, respectively, but β-lactam antibiotics without an α-amino group are the only known substrates that prefer PEPT1 to PEPT2. The aim of(More)
Purpose. To clarify the contribution of the intestinal first-pass metabolism to the drug bioavailability, the correlation between the intestinal and hepatic metabolism of human CYP3A4 substrates was investigated in rats. Methods. The metabolic rates of four compounds (lidocaine, quinidine, nifedidpine, and rifabutin) were examined with excised intestinal(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacogenetic variability in the disposition of carvedilol in the Japanese population. Five or 10 mg of carvedilol was orally administered to 54 healthy Japanese subjects (22-44 years old), and blood samples were taken at 2 and 6 h after dosing. We determined the polymorphic alleles of CYP2D6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19,(More)