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The population pharmacokinetic parameters of mizoribine in healthy subjects were estimated using a nonlinear mixed effects model (NONMEM) program. Pharmacokinetic data for population analysis were obtained in the previous study, in which 24 healthy Caucasian male subjects participated in a single-dose (3, 6, 9, 12 mg/kg) study, and 12 subjects participated(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study was to estimate the population pharmacokinetic parameters of mizoribine in adult recipients of renal transplantation using a nonlinear mixed effects model (NONMEM) program. METHODS Pharmacokinetic data for population analysis were retrospectively collected from 114 recipients (66 males and 48 females) routinely(More)
To evaluate an in vitro model suitable for investigating intestinal first-pass drug metabolism, CYP3A4 and MDR1 mRNA induction by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (VD3) was examined in two human intestinal cell lines, Caco-2 and LS180, under various culture conditions. CYP3A4 mRNA expression was induced by 100 nM VD3 at levels between 234-549 times above(More)
The primary aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of the genotype of vitamin K epoxide reductase complex 1 (VKORC1) on warfarin dose requirements in Japanese pediatric patients. Forty-eight pediatric patients (0.42-19.25 years old) in whom stable anticoagulation was achieved by warfarin were enrolled in this study, and the polymorphic alleles(More)
In patients routinely treated with metoprolol, influences of CYP2D6 genotype on the response of heart rate to isoproterenol (IP) were studied at its peak and trough concentrations and were compared with those of bisoprolol. In 72 patients treated with metoprolol or bisoprolol, CYP2D6 genotype (ie, CYP2D6*1, *2, *4, *5, *10, and *14) was determined. No(More)
The nonlinear mixed effects model (NONMEM) was used to analyze the pharmacokinetics of routinely administered bisoprolol in middle-aged and elderly Japanese patients. The subjects consisted of 29 males and 11 females with a mean age of 63.5+/-10.1. Data on the plasma concentration of bisoprolol from 94 blood samples obtained at steady-state following(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism for the stereoselective presystemic clearance of carvedilol. We examined the oxidation and glucuronidation of carvedilol in human liver microsomes (HLM) and human intestinal microsomes (HIM). The oxidation of carvedilol in HLM and HIM was evaluated in the presence of NADPH, whereas(More)
This study was performed to investigate the effect of CYP2D6*10 on the pharmacokinetics of R- and S-carvedilol in healthy Japanese volunteers. Five or 10 mg of carvedilol was orally administered to 23 subjects (22-44 years old), and blood samples were taken at 2 and 6 h after dosing. We determined the polymorphic alleles of CYP2D6 in each subject. The whole(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the pharmacogenetic variability in the disposition of carvedilol in the Japanese population. Five or 10 mg of carvedilol was orally administered to 54 healthy Japanese subjects (22-44 years old), and blood samples were taken at 2 and 6 h after dosing. We determined the polymorphic alleles of CYP2D6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19,(More)
To investigate the mechanism responsible for the increased bioavailability of propranolol in bilateral ureter-ligated (BUL) rats, the intestinal absorption and hepatic extraction of propranolol and metoprolol were evaluated. The initial absorption rate of these drugs after intra-intestinal administration was only slightly increased in the BUL rats, whereas(More)