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IL-18 is an IL-1-related cytokine which shares biological functions with IL-12. These include the activation of NK cells, induction of IFN-gamma production and Th1 cell differentiation. In this study we analyzed the effect of IL-18 deficiency on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced liver injury and endotoxin shock in Propionibacterium acnes-primed mice. P.(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for end-stage renal failure and cardiovascular disease, and a strategy to counteract CKD must be established. CKD caused by immunological abnormalities is treated by steroids, frequently resulting in steroid diabetes. Although insulin is the most effective drug against steroid diabetes, administering(More)
Anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody seropositivity is independently associated with poor prognosis in hemodialysis (HD) patients. However, anti-HCV antibody cannot distinguish between patients with active infection and those who have recovered from infection. We therefore aimed in this study to examine the association of HCV core antigen (HCVcAg)(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Systemic inflammation-based prognostic scores have prognostic power in patients with cancer, independently of tumor stage and site. Although inflammatory status is associated with mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients, it remains to be determined as to whether these composite scores are useful in predicting clinical outcomes. METHODS We(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for end-stage renal failure and cardiovascular events. In patients with CKD, anemia is often caused by decreased erythropoietin production relative to hemoglobin levels. As correction of anemia is associated with improved cardiac and renal function and quality of life, erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs)(More)
BACKGROUND High body mass index (BMI) is paradoxically associated with better outcomes in hemodialysis (HD) patients. This study aimed to examine whether serum creatinine (Cr), a marker of muscle mass, could modify the association between BMI, and mortality and morbidity in prevalent HD patients. METHODS A retrospective study was conducted using a(More)
We reported the case of a 70-year-old woman with moderate renal failure due to anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-related glomerulonephritis who developed symptomatic water intoxication (serum Na: 108 mEq/L) following treatment with oral low-dose cyclophosphamide (CY) (50mg/day). Estimated glomerular filtration rate was 29.5 mL/min/1.73 m 2. She had drunk(More)
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