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Dimethylthiourea (DMTU), a potent hydroxyl radical scavenger, affords protection against cisplatin (CDDP)-induced acute renal failure (ARF). Since the suppression of oxidative stress and the enhancement of heat shock proteins (HSPs) are both reported to protect against CDDP-induced renal damage, we tested whether increased HSP expression is involved in the(More)
BACKGROUND The intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) plays an important role in the development of hypertension and renal damage. Disruption of diurnal blood pressure (BP) variation is an additional risk factor for renal damage. However, little is known regarding whether intrarenal RAS circadian rhythm exists or if it influences the disruption of(More)
Hepcidin is a key regulator of iron metabolism. In this study, we examined whether measurement of hepcidin is useful in assessing recombinant human erythropoietin (rHuEPO) responsiveness in regular hemodialysis (HD) patients in a cross-sectional fashion. We examined the association between serum prohepcidin, a prohormone of hepcidin, and rHuEPO dosage and(More)
OBJECTIVE The goal of this study was to clarify the clinical manifestation of hypercalcemia due to hypoadrenalism in hemodialysis (HD) patients. METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of five HD patients who had presented with hypercalcemia due to adrenal insufficiency (age: 69 ± 7 [58-75] years old, time on HD: 13 ± 11 [2-32](More)
We report that disturbance to the circadian rhythm of urinary angiotensinogen (AGT) excretion may lead to renal damage, hypertension and diurnal blood pressure (BP) variations. We aim to clarify the circadian rhythm of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and its contribution to renal damage, hypertension and BP variations, and to evaluate whether(More)
Activation of the intrarenal renin–angiotensin system (RAS) plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hypertension. The circadian rhythm of intrarenal RAS activation leads to renal damage and hypertension, which are associated with diurnal blood pressure (BP) variation. The activation of intrarenal RAS following(More)
BACKGROUND Sirt1, a mammalian homolog of silent information regulator 2 (Sir2), is the founding member of class III histone deacetylase (HDAC). METHODS In this study, we examined whether Sirt1 is involved in the modification of acetylated histone H3, acetylated p53 and Werner syndrome protein (WRN), which is stabilized by Sirt1-mediated deacetylation, in(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a risk factor for end-stage renal failure and cardiovascular disease, and a strategy to counteract CKD must be established. CKD caused by immunological abnormalities is treated by steroids, frequently resulting in steroid diabetes. Although insulin is the most effective drug against steroid diabetes, administering(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Systemic inflammation-based prognostic scores have prognostic power in patients with cancer, independently of tumor stage and site. Although inflammatory status is associated with mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients, it remains to be determined as to whether these composite scores are useful in predicting clinical outcomes. METHODS We(More)
Patients with bacterial endocarditis often have renal complications. This report presents the case of an elderly man with rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis (RPGN) associated with subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE) due to Enterococcus faecalis infection. The patient was positive for anti-proteinase 3-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (PR3-ANCA) and(More)