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BACKGROUND Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are widely found in the environment. Estrogen-like activity is attributed to EDCs, such as bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol AF (BPAF), and zearalenone (Zea), but mechanisms of action and diversity of effects are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES We used in vitro models to evaluate the mechanistic actions of BPA,(More)
One class of the nuclear receptor AF-2 coactivator complexes contains the SRC-1/TIF2 family, CBP/p300 and an RNA coactivator, SRA. We identified a subfamily of RNA-binding DEAD-box proteins (p72/p68) as a human estrogen receptor alpha (hER alpha) coactivator in the complex containing these factors. p72/p68 interacted with both the AD2 of any SRC-1/TIF2(More)
One class of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs), AUF1/hnRNP D, consists of four isoform proteins (p45, p42, p40, and p37) which are generated by alternative splicing. The present study was therefore undertaken to clarify any isoform-specific differences in terms of their functions and nucleocytoplasmic localization. All isoforms primarily(More)
The EWS gene is known to be chromosomally translocated and fused to various members of the DNA-binding transcription factors in Ewing's sarcoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumor. The product of this gene encodes the N-terminal transcriptional activation domain and the C-terminal RNA-binding domain containing an RNA-recognition motif and three(More)
We have used a virus overlay assay to detect cellular proteins associated with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) particles. The radiolabeled HCMV particles specifically bound to two host proteins with molecular sizes of 150 and 180 kDa. By a micro-amino-acid sequencing technique, the 180-kDa protein was identified as a human homologue of the ES130/p180 ribosome(More)
BACKGROUND Diarylheptanoids isolated from Curcuma comosa Roxb. have been recently identified as phyto estrogens. However, the mechanism underlying their actions has not yet been identified. OBJECTIVES We characterized the estrogenic activity of three active naturally occurring diarylheptanoids both in vitro and in vivo. METHODS We characterized(More)
BACKGROUND Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) influence the activity of estrogen receptors (ERs) and alter the function of the endocrine system. However, the diversity of EDC effects and mechanisms of action are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES We examined the agonistic activity of EDCs through ERα and ERβ. We also investigated the effects of EDCs on(More)
The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor Math1, which is transiently expressed in proliferating neural precursors in multiple domains of the developing nervous system, is also related to the cell fate decision of enteroendocrine, goblet, and Paneth cells in the intestine. On the other hand, the transcription factor Cdx2, which is normally confined to(More)
The mechanisms responsible for the difference in neurovirulence to inbred mice between two variants of the Miyama strain of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) were studied. After intraperitoneal (i.p.) inoculation, the +GC (LPV) variant reached the spinal cord and the brain, and caused death. Conversely, the -GCr variant lacked the ability to gain access(More)
AUF1 (A+U-rich RNA binding factor) participates in the rapid decay of mRNAs in the cytoplasm. It is sometimes called heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) D0; however, evidence for its characterization as an hnRNP protein has been scarce. S1 proteins A-D are those selectively extracted at pH 4.9 from isolated nuclei pretreated with either RNase A(More)