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BACKGROUND Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are widely found in the environment. Estrogen-like activity is attributed to EDCs, such as bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol AF (BPAF), and zearalenone (Zea), but mechanisms of action and diversity of effects are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES We used in vitro models to evaluate the mechanistic actions of BPA,(More)
One class of the nuclear receptor AF-2 coactivator complexes contains the SRC-1/TIF2 family, CBP/p300 and an RNA coactivator, SRA. We identified a subfamily of RNA-binding DEAD-box proteins (p72/p68) as a human estrogen receptor alpha (hER alpha) coactivator in the complex containing these factors. p72/p68 interacted with both the AD2 of any SRC-1/TIF2(More)
One class of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs), AUF1/hnRNP D, consists of four isoform proteins (p45, p42, p40, and p37) which are generated by alternative splicing. The present study was therefore undertaken to clarify any isoform-specific differences in terms of their functions and nucleocytoplasmic localization. All isoforms primarily(More)
The EWS gene is known to be chromosomally translocated and fused to various members of the DNA-binding transcription factors in Ewing's sarcoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumor. The product of this gene encodes the N-terminal transcriptional activation domain and the C-terminal RNA-binding domain containing an RNA-recognition motif and three(More)
We have used a virus overlay assay to detect cellular proteins associated with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) particles. The radiolabeled HCMV particles specifically bound to two host proteins with molecular sizes of 150 and 180 kDa. By a micro-amino-acid sequencing technique, the 180-kDa protein was identified as a human homologue of the ES130/p180 ribosome(More)
The in-gel endonuclease digestion method was introduced for the molecular epidemiology of molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV). We obtained clear electrophoretic patterns from 90.3% of single lesions. The distribution of MCV types in Western Japan was revealed to be different from that in other countries.
BACKGROUND Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) influence the activity of estrogen receptors (ERs) and alter the function of the endocrine system. However, the diversity of EDC effects and mechanisms of action are poorly understood. OBJECTIVES We examined the agonistic activity of EDCs through ERα and ERβ. We also investigated the effects of EDCs on(More)
We observed transient excretion of dark-brown urine after acute exposure to cobalt in rats and investigated the mechanism of it. We injected cobalt into rats s.c. at a dose of 15 mg/kg and collected urine, peripheral blood, and organ samples at the indicated times after injection. Biochemical and histopathological examinations of these samples were(More)
AUF1 (A+U-rich RNA binding factor) participates in the rapid decay of mRNAs in the cytoplasm. It is sometimes called heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein (hnRNP) D0; however, evidence for its characterization as an hnRNP protein has been scarce. S1 proteins A-D are those selectively extracted at pH 4.9 from isolated nuclei pretreated with either RNase A(More)
The 9-cis-retinoic acid receptors (RXRs), belonging to the members of the steroid/thyroid hormone receptor superfamily, act as auxiliary proteins, heterodimerizing with other nuclear receptors such as retinoic acid receptors (RARs), vitamin D receptor, thyroid hormone receptors, and peroxisome-proliferator activated receptor, thereby transactivating target(More)