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Tannerella forsythensis, one of the important pathogens in periodontal disease, has a typical surface layer (S-layer) consisting of regularly arrayed subunits outside the outer membrane. The S-layer in T. forsythensis is suggested to be associated with haemagglutinating activity, adhesion and invasion of host cells; however, its precise functions have been(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis is a major periodontogenic bacterium and possesses immunostimulatory components, such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and fimbriae. The host antimicrobial peptide, LL-37, suppresses proinflammatory responses of immune cells but its effect on human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) is not known. In this study, we assessed the effect of LL-37(More)
The outer membrane of Porphyromonas gingivalis, an oral strict anaerobe, was isolated by sucrose density gradient centrifugation. The outer membrane obtained by the differential detergent extraction method, previously reported, showed an essentially similar protein pattern on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), confirming(More)
The FimA fimbriae of Porphyromonas gingivalis, the causative agent of periodontitis, have been implicated in various aspects of pathogenicity, such as colonization, adhesion and aggregation. In this study, the four open reading frames (ORF1, ORF2, ORF3 and ORF4) downstream of the fimbrilin gene (fimA) in strain ATCC 33277 were examined. ORF2, ORF3 and ORF4(More)
Tannerella forsythensis (Bacteroides forsythus), an anaerobic gram-negative potential periodontal pathogens in the progression of periodontitis. IT forsythensis has unique bacterial protein profiles containing major proteins with apparent molecular weight of more than 200-kDa shown by sodium dodecylsulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It is also(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis, one of the causative agents of adult periodontitis, attaches and forms biofilms on substrata of Streptococcus gordonii. Coadhesion and biofilm development between these organisms requires the interaction of the short fimbriae of P. gingivalis with the SspB streptococcal surface polypeptide. In this study we investigated the(More)
The periodontopathic bacterium Porphyromonas gingivalis forms pigmented colonies when incubated on blood agar plates as a result of accumulation of mu-oxo haem dimer on the cell surface. Gingipain-adhesin complexes are responsible for production of mu-oxo haem dimer from haemoglobin. Non-pigmented mutants (Tn6-5, Tn7-1, Tn7-3 and Tn10-4) were isolated from(More)
Bacterial fimbriae are an important pathogenic factor. It has been demonstrated that fimbrial protein encoded by fimA gene (FimA fimbriae) of Porphyromonas gingivalis not only contributes to the abilities of bacterial adhesion and invasion to host cells, but also strongly stimulates host innate immune responses. However, FimA fimbriae separated from P.(More)
MyD88 is an essential adaptor molecule for Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and interleukin (IL)-1 receptor. MyD88 is thought to be present as condensed forms or aggregated structures in the cytoplasm, although the reason has not yet been clear. Here, we show that endogenous MyD88 is present as small speckle-like condensed structures, formation of which depends(More)
Porphyromonas gingivalis, a causative agent of periodontitis, has at least two types of thin, single-stranded fimbriae, termed FimA and Mfa1 (according to the names of major subunits), which can be discriminated by filament length and by the size of their major fimbrilin subunits. FimA fimbriae are long filaments that are easily detached from cells, whereas(More)