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Leptomycin B (LMB) is a Streptomyces metabolite that inhibits nuclear export of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 regulatory protein Rev at low nanomolar concentrations. Recently, LMB was shown to inhibit the function of CRM1, a receptor for the nuclear export signal (NES). Here we show evidence that LMB binds directly to CRM1 and that CRM1 is(More)
Mutations in emerin cause the X-linked recessive form of Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD). Emerin localizes at the inner membrane of the nuclear envelope (NE) during interphase, and diffuses into the ER when the NE disassembles during mitosis. We analyzed the recruitment of wildtype and mutant GFP-tagged emerin proteins during nuclear envelope(More)
M-type (KCNQ2/3) potassium channels are suppressed by activation of G(q/11)-coupled receptors, thereby increasing neuronal excitability. We show here that rat KCNQ2 can bind directly to the multivalent A-kinase-anchoring protein AKAP150. Peptides that block AKAP150 binding to the KCNQ2 channel complex antagonize the muscarinic inhibition of the currents. A(More)
The importance of glycoproteins located in the nuclear envelope in nuclear transport was tested by microinjection of karyophilic proteins into the cytoplasm of cultured human cells together with various lectins. Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) blocked the nuclear transport of nucleoplasmin, a nuclear protein of Xenopus laevis oocytes, and of nonnuclear proteins(More)
The nuclear accumulation of beta-catenin plays an important role in the Wingless/Wnt signaling pathway. This study describes an examination of the nuclear import of beta-catenin in living mammalian cells and in vitro semi-intact cells. When injected into the cell cytoplasm, beta-catenin rapidly migrated into the nucleus in a temperature-dependent and wheat(More)
gp130 is a ubiquitously expressed signal-transducing receptor component shared by interleukin 6, interleukin 11, leukemia inhibitory factor, oncostatin M, ciliary neurotrophic factor, and cardiotrophin 1. To investigate physiological roles of gp130 and to examine pathological consequences of a lack of gp130, mice deficient for gp130 have been prepared.(More)
Smad proteins are cytoplasmic signaling effectors of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) family cytokines and regulate gene transcription in the nucleus. Receptor-activated Smads (R-Smads) become phosphorylated by the TGF-beta type I receptor. Rapid and precise transport of R-Smads to the nucleus is of crucial importance for signal transduction. By(More)
In response to interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), Stat1 is tyrosine phosphorylated and translocates to the nucleus where it activates transcription. In this study, we identified factors which mediate the nuclear import of Stat1. Tyrosine-phosphorylated Stat1 associated with the beta subunit (a 97 kDa component) of the nuclear pore-targeting complex via the NPI-1(More)
We determined the times when the nuclear membrane, nuclear pore complex (NPC) components, and nuclear import function were recovered during telophase in living HeLa cells. Simultaneous observation of fluorescently-labeled NLS-bearing proteins, lamin B receptor (LBR)-GFP, and Hoechst33342-stained chromosomes revealed that nuclear membranes reassembled around(More)
Apoptosis is defined by several unique morphological nuclear changes, such as chromatin condensation and nuclear fragmentation. These changes are triggered by the activation of a family of cysteine proteases called caspases, and caspase-activated DNase (CAD/DFF40) and lamin protease (caspase-6) have been implicated in some of these changes. CAD/DFF40(More)