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OBJECTIVE We longitudinally examined the changes of brachial to ankle distensibility using pulse wave velocity (PWV) throughout pregnancy and its difference between normal pregnancy and pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH) groups. STUDY DESIGN One hundred and eighty-three pregnant women were included in this study. The PWV examinations were performed in a(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells that have regenerative capability and exert paracrine actions on damaged tissues. Since peritoneal fibrosis is a serious complication of peritoneal dialysis, we tested whether MSCs suppress this using a chlorhexidine gluconate model in rats. Although MSCs isolated from green fluorescent(More)
Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), synthetic peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma ligands, have a central role in insulin sensitization and adipogenesis. It has been reported that TZDs exert protective effects in both diabetic and nondiabetic models of renal disease, although the exact mechanism is not well understood. In particular, only a few(More)
BACKGROUND In vitro studies suggest that the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) plays a critical role in renal fibrosis. However, the process of STAT activation in vivo remains unclear. This study in rats aimed to localize STAT3 activation within the kidney and examine the in vivo relationship between STAT3 activation and renal(More)
15-Deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) (15d-PGJ(2)) is an endogenous peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) agonist that suppresses progressive matrix deposition; however, little is known about the effects of 15d-PGJ(2) on human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs). We investigated the following: (i) the expression of PPARgamma; (ii)(More)
Aldosterone-salt treatment induces not only hypertension but also extensive inflammation that contributes to fibrosis in the rat kidney. However, the mechanism underlying aldosterone-salt-induced renal inflammation remains unclear. Pyroptosis has recently been identified as a new type of cell death that is accompanied by the activation of inflammatory(More)
BACKGROUND A low-protein diet and treatment with renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blockers can delay the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The oral adsorbent AST-120 (Kremezin) has a renoprotective effect by reducing serum levels of uremic toxins. We investigated the influence of AST-120 on the preservation of renal function in patients with CKD.(More)
Relative alkali-cation affinity of polyoxyethylene (POE) dodecylethers in gas phase was studied by electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectrometry using dodecylether-poly-ethoxylate (C(12)EO:n, "n" denotes ethyleneoxide unit number) nonionic surfactants, and possible helical conformations of the cationized molecules were demonstrated. The alkali-cation(More)
Commercially available but completely unknown surfactants used in the tin-lead plating industry were successfully identified by using electrospray mass spectrometry and NMR spectroscopy techniques, preceded by liquid ionization mass spectrometry used to obtain the preliminary information. The mass spectral data suggested that ethoxylated nonionic(More)