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Idiopathic REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) may represent prodromal synucleinopathies. We report markedly reduced cardiac (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine uptake, consistent with the loss of sympathetic terminals, in idiopathic RBD. We also demonstrate that this reduction is of the same magnitude as that found in patients with Parkinson disease. The results(More)
Clinicopathological and genetic features were assessed on 35 Japanese families affected by late-onset familial amyloid polyneuropathy type I (transthyretin Met30-associated familial amyloid polyneuropathy, FAP TTR Met30) whose siblings were unrelated to endemic Japanese foci. In these patients (50 years or older), the most common initial symptom was(More)
BACKGROUND The causes of sarcoidosis are not known. The DNA of Mycobacterium tuberculosis has been detected in some sarcoid lesions. In Japan, Propionibacterium acnes has been isolated from such lesions, but whether this indigenous bacterium is related to the disease is unclear. We used PCR to estimate the number of genomes of these bacteria in sarcoid(More)
Reactive oxygen species induce oxidative damage in DNA precursors, i.e. dNTPs, leading to point mutations upon incorporation. Escherichia coli mutT strains, deficient in the activity hydrolysing 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine 5'-triphosphate (8-oxo-dGTP), display more than a 100-fold higher spontaneous mutation frequency over the wild-type strain.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Accurate discrimination of orbital lymphoma from benign orbital lymphoproliferative disorders is crucial for treatment planning. We evaluated MR imaging including DWI and contrast-enhanced MR imaging for differentiating orbital lymphoma from benign orbital lymphoproliferative disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-seven(More)
KISS-1 is a metastasis-suppressor gene of human melanoma, and encodes metastin, which was identified as the ligand of a G-protein-coupled receptor (metastin receptor). The precursor protein is cleaved to 54 amino acids, which may be further truncated into carboxy-terminal fragments. Previous studies showed that lack of metastin receptor in clear cell renal(More)
Microform cleft lip is a mild expression of cleft lip and may be difficult to repair. Its severity may be defined by the degree of downward depression of the nostril rim, skin striae of the upper lip, notching of Cupid's bow, and deformity of the vermilion border. Variation in surgical repair is reported for each type of microform cleft lip.
OBJECTIVES To describe a novel dorsal vein complex preserving technique for intrafascial nerve-sparing laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and to evaluate its postoperative outcomes. METHODS A total of 109 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical prostatectomy by a single surgeon were evaluated, including 44 patients with dorsal vein complex preserving(More)
The human Sept4/Bradeion GTPase (56Kda) is specifically expressed in colorectal cancer, malignant melanoma, prostate cancer and other urologic cancers such as renal cell carcinoma and bladder cancer. Significance of Bradeion is that, 1) 'all or none' expression, 2) no genetic alterations among patients, and 3) strong tissue-and cell type-specificity. This(More)
Many reports of diabetic ophthalmoplegia have been published from the clinical points of view. However, there have been only three autopsied cases in which the ocular nerves were investigated histopathologically. A 72-year-old housewife was diagnosed to have glycosuria at the age of 67, but no medical treatment was done. She admitted to the hospital,(More)