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Posttranslational histone modifications are important for the regulation of many biological phenomena. Here, we show the purification and characterization of nucleosomal histone kinase-1 (NHK-1). NHK-1 has a high affinity for chromatin and phosphorylates a novel site, Thr 119, at the C terminus of H2A. Notably, NHK-1 specifically phosphorylates nucleosomal(More)
We studied the auditory evoked magnetic fields (AEFs) in response to pure tones especially at very high frequencies (from 4000 Hz to 40,000 Hz). This is the first systematic study of AEFs using tones above 5000 Hz, the upper audible range of humans, and ultrasound. We performed two experiments. In the first, AEFs were recorded in 12 subjects from both(More)
Exon skipping by alternative splicing and circular RNA formation are proposed to be interrelated events. Since multiple patterns of alternative splicing have been demonstrated in both the 5' and 3' regions of the dystrophin gene, the dystrophin transcript in skeletal muscle cells provides a model system in which this idea is tested. Nine circular RNAs that(More)
We have previously reported the statistically significant correlation of immunohistochemical expression of MIB-1 and p53 proteins among benign, atypical, and anaplastic meningiomas and p53 protein expression was high in atypical and anaplastic meningiomas. In the present study, we analyzed 22 cases of meningiomas for mutation of p53 gene in its spectrum of(More)
Genomic DNA from 19 Japanese patients with congenital lipoid adrenal hyperplasia (lipoid CAH) representing 16 different families was examined to identify the genetic alterations of steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (StAR). Ten of 19 patients had a 46,XX karyotype and nine had a 46,XY karyotype. Six of the 46,XX patients have experienced spontaneous(More)
In this paper we first report that exon skipping from the dystrophin gene transcript could be induced in living cells by an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) complementary to an exon recognition sequence (ERS). Incubation of lymphoblastoid cells with an antisense ODN against the purine-rich region of dystrophin exon 19 resulted in skipping of the exon(More)
To elucidate the effects of the decision to move on the pyramidal tract in humans, we examined the changes in the motor evoked potentials (MEP) of the forearm muscles following transcranial magnetic cortical stimulation (TMS) of the hand area during a go/no-go hand-movement task in 10 normal subjects. The subjects performed an extension of the right wrist(More)
The dystrophin gene, which is mutated in patients with Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophies, comprises 79 exons and is thus the largest known human gene. A full spectrum of splicing of dystrophin transcript has not been elucidated yet. In this study, 6 novel alternative splicing reactions were discovered in the 5' region by amplifying the cDNA(More)
Tobacco smoke contains many carcinogens and has been linked with the development of lung cancer. We sequenced the conserved regions of the p53 tumour suppressor gene in lung cancers from 17 non-smokers from Hiroshima, Japan; 9 were atomic-bomb survivors. The mutations were predominantly transitions (all G:C to A:T); there were no G:C to T:A transversions.(More)
Secondary alterations in splicing have been reported to produce semi-functional mRNA from several nonsense mutations in the dystrophin gene. Disruptions of exonic splicing enhancers by single nucleotide changes are thought to underlie such alterations. The precise frequencies of such nonsense mutation-dependent splicing alterations, however, remain unknown.(More)