Yukio Pegio Gunji

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A principle of self-organization toward a critical state is proposed as a metadynamics of evolutionary processes. When the propagation velocity of information is slow as in living systems, discrepancy occurs between the virtual process and the actual one. The degree of discrepancy is defined for discrete dynamical systems on the scheme of perpetual(More)
Describing a system in which internal detection or observation proceeds at a finite velocity is always destined to end up with a form of self-contradiction. For any formal language, for such a description, we must assume that the velocity of observation propagation or VOP be infinity. In the present paper, we propose a self-referential scheme intended for(More)
We propose a weak definition for the usage of a tool for an ethological study of ants. In particular, we illustrate the usage of a cart in experiments on the transportation of foods by ants as employing a logical structure including a contradiction. The contradiction originates in ruling out the very term 'tool' from the description of the behavior of the(More)
In the present paper the self-consistency or operational closure of autopoiesis is described by introducing time explicitly. It is an extension of Spencer-Brown's idea of time, however. The definition of time is segregated into two parts, corresponding to the syntax and semantics of language, respectively. In this context, time reversibility is defined by(More)
Complex systems in which internal agents (observers) interact with each other with finite velocity of information propagation cannot be described with a single consistent logic. We have proposed the bootstrapping system of cellular automata for describing such complex systems using two types of complementary logic: Boolean and non-Boolean. We extend this in(More)
Although it has been shown that visual cues play an essential role in navigation by the garden ant Lasius niger, no previous studies have addressed the way in which information from local visual cues is acquired and utilized in navigation. We found that in the absence of pheromone trails, ants whose homing motivation was triggered by feeding returned to the(More)
Systems involving both intracellular and intercellular computation are destined to be described as non-computable. We propose a model for such systems by introducing the inconsistent relation of Boolean and non-Boolean logic. Cellular automata fashioned model exhibits an evolution like class 4 located at the edge of chaos, while there is no local rule for(More)
The issue we address is whether an animal knows or understands the significance of learning. We constructed an animal's own conceptualization via resolving a paradox underlying the process of learning. We found a kind of self-similar pattern in the behavior of goldfish resolving a paradoxical experimental problem. The pattern can be considered as a solution(More)
We studied animal's learning of spatial discrimination in an experimental environment. Turtles, Chinemys reevesii, were employed for the study. We focused on two independent aspects: (1) turtle's success rate in the task, which is the most common criterion to estimate the ability of the animals, and (2) the statistical properties of the time interval of the(More)