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Twenty-four right-handed, right hemiparetic patients with Broca's aphasia were examined for their singing capacity. Twenty-one (87.5%) produced good melogy. Twelve of these (57%) produced good text words while singing. It is speculated that the right hemisphere is dominant over the left for singing capacity. The relationship between melodic and text singing(More)
Roles of nicotinic receptors in the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus (DMV) in the regulation of gastric motility were investigated in urethane-anesthetized rats in which an intragastric balloon had been placed. Nicotine (0.1 nmole) microinjected into the DMV but not the nucleus ambiguus induced dual changes, a decrease followed by an increase in gastric(More)
The correlation between acid secretion and mucosal blood flow in the rat stomach during stress loading was determined to provide clues to the etiology of the gastric ulceration which thus occurs. The gastric acid output was increased remarkably by water-immersion stress at 23 degrees C, and this increase lasted while the stress was given, yet the mucosal(More)
Central effects of melatonin on the sympatho-adrenomedullary outflow were investigated in urethane-anesthetized rats. In the intact animals, intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) administered interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) (100 ng/animal) slightly, but significantly, elevated the plasma level of noradrenaline (NA), but not the level of adrenaline (Ad). Melatonin(More)
We applied a microdialysis technique for the measurement of hypothalamic thromboxane B2, a stable metabolite of thromboxane A2, in urethane-anesthetized rats. Perfusion with N-methyl-D-aspartate (1.5 and 2.5mM) of the paraventricular nucleus by microdialysis probe concentration-dependently elevated the levels of thromboxane B2 in this region and plasma(More)
Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of bombesin (0.3 nmol) increased plasma levels of both adrenaline and noradrenaline in urethane anesthetized rats. These bombesin-induced increases were inhibited by i.c.v. pretreatment with pyrilamine, an H1-receptor antagonist. Ranitidine, an H2-receptor antagonist also inhibited the increase of adrenaline,(More)
We measured endogenous overflow of acetylcholine (ACh) from a vascularly perfused rat stomach in vitro with modified Krebs-Ringer solution containing 100 microM physostigmine. Evoked ACh overflow by vagal stimulation at 2.5 Hz for 2 min was abolished by tetrodotoxin (3 x 10(-7) M) or Ca++ removal and reduced by hexamethonium (10(-4) M). The evoked overflow(More)
We investigated the subtype of alpha-adrenoceptors participating in central noradrenergic inhibition of gastric motility in urethane-anesthetized rats. Noradrenaline at 10 nmole administered intracisternally (i.c.) significantly decreased gastric motility. Yohimbine at 10 nmole, i.c., but not the same dose of prazosin, abolished this noradrenaline-induced(More)
1. We studied the effects of intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and its receptor subtype ligands on plasma levels of catecholamines in urethane-anaesthetized rats. 2. Administration of PGE2 (0.15, 0.3 and 1.5 nmol per animal, i.c.v.) dose-dependently elevated plasma levels of noradrenaline (NA), while the levels of(More)
Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of bombesin (0.1, 1.0, 10.0 nmol/animal) in urethane-anesthetized rats induced long-lasting and dose dependent increases in plasma levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline. These effects of bombesin were inhibited by i.c.v. pretreatment with indomethacin (50-500 micrograms/animal), while the same dose of(More)