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Phosphorylation at a highly conserved serine residue (Ser-10) in the histone H3 tail is considered to be a crucial event for the onset of mitosis. This modification appears early in the G(2) phase within pericentromeric heterochromatin and spreads in an ordered fashion coincident with mitotic chromosome condensation. Mutation of Ser-10 is essential in(More)
The function of Aurora-C kinase, a member of the Aurora kinase family identified in mammals, is currently unknown. We present evidence that Aurora-C, like Aurora-B kinase, is a chromosomal passenger protein localizing first to centromeres and then to the midzone of mitotic cells. Aurora-C transcript is expressed at a moderate level albeit about an order of(More)
We studied the effects of AZD1152, an Aurora B kinase inhibitor, on Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) and Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) in human tissues and cell cultures and in a murine xenograft model of lymphoma. Aurora kinase A and B levels were assessed by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. They were aberrantly expressed in BL and HL cell lines, and in lymph nodes from(More)
Retinoid X receptor alpha (RXR alpha) is a member of the steroid hormone receptor superfamily. Using yeast two-hybrid screening, beta-galactosidase assays, and pull-down assays, we show that RNF8, a RING finger protein recently isolated as a protein binding to a ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, binds to RXR alpha through the N-terminal regions of both(More)
EWS-Fli1, a fusion gene resulting from the chromosomal translocation t(11;22, q24;q12), encodes a transcriptional activator, promotes cellular transformation, and is often found in Ewing sarcoma and primitive neuroectodermal tumor. The Aurora A and Aurora B kinases belong to a highly conserved family of serine/threonine protein kinases, are tightly(More)
A malfunction in retinoid X receptor (RXR) alpha due to phosphorylation is associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the precise mechanisms by which phosphorylated RXRalpha loses its physiological function remain unclear. In the present study we examined whether phosphorylation of RXRalpha affects its dimeric activity.(More)
The Aurora/Ipl1p-related kinases, AIRK1, AIRK2 and AIRK3, are members of a novel family of oncogenic serine/threonine kinases regulated by cell cycle progression and involved in chromosome segregation and cytokinesis. In this study, we examined expression of members of the AIRK family in human renal cell carcinomas. Expression of AIRK subfamilies was(More)
PLK (polo-like kinase), the human counterpart of polo in Drosophila melanogaster and of CDC5 in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, belongs to a family of serine/threonine kinases. It is intimately involved in spindle formation and chromosome segregation during mitosis. The purpose of this study was to determine whether PLK1 is overexpressed in primary colorectal(More)
BACKGROUND Various mitotic events are controlled by Cdc2-cyclin B and other mitotic kinases. Aurora/Ipl1-related mitotic kinases were proved to play key roles in mitotic progression in diverse lower organisms. Aurora-A is a mammalian counterpart of aurora/Ipl1-related kinases and is thought to be a potential oncogene. However, the regulation of aurora-A(More)
The heterodimeric ubiquitin conjugating enzyme (E2) UBC13-UEV mediates polyubiquitylation through lysine 63 of ubiquitin (K63), rather than lysine 48 (K48). This modification does not target proteins for proteasome-dependent degradation. Searching for potential regulators of this variant polyubiquitylation we have identified four proteins, namely RNF8,(More)