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The amino acid sequence of mu-conotoxin GIIIA (otherwise called geographutoxin I), a peptide having 22 amino acid residues with three disulfide bridges, was modified by replacing each residue with Ala or Lys to elucidate its active center for blocking sodium channels of skeletal muscle. NMR and CD spectra were virtually identical between native and modified(More)
RATIONALE No selective antagonists for the effects of MDMA have yet been identified. The structurally-similar, naturally-occurring plant alkaloid nantenine (9,10-methylenedioxy-1,2 dimethoxyaporphine) may represent such a compound. OBJECTIVES To investigate the capacity of nantenine to block and/or reverse MDMA-induced hyperthermia, lethality, locomotor(More)
Glial cells release neurotrophic factors that maintain neurons functionally. Previously, we have shown that the scabronines isolated from Sarcodon scabrosus enhanced the secretion of neurotrophic factors from 1321N1 human astrocytoma cells. In the present study, we examined the mechanism of newly synthesized scabronine G-methylester (ME)-induced secretion(More)
Nobiletin, a polymethoxylated flavonoid found in citrus fruit peel, reportedly improves memory impairment in rodent models. Here we report its effect on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced motor and cognitive deficits. Nobiletin administration (50mg/kg i.p.) for 2 consecutive weeks improved motor deficits seen in MPTP-induced(More)
AIM This study was conducted to investigate the mechanism of acidic pH-induced contraction (APIC) with regard to Ca2+ handling using isometric tension recording experiments. RESULTS Decreasing extracellular pH from 7.4 to 6.5 produced a marked and sustained contraction of spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) aorta, that was 128.7 +/- 2.0% of the 64.8 mm(More)
In the present study we have analyzed a likely biochemical mechanism underlying the Ca++-sensitizing action of MCI-154 (6-[4-(4'-pyridyl)aminophenyl)-4,5-dihydro-3(2H)-pyridazinone hydrochloride), a novel cardiotonic agent, on the contractile protein system. MCI-154 (10(-7) to 10(-4) M) enhanced the tension development induced by -log molar-free Ca++(More)
1. Myotoxin alpha (MYTX), a polypeptide toxin purified from the venom of prairie rattlesnakes (Crotalus viridis viridis) induced Ca2+ release from the heavy fraction (HSR) but not the light fraction of skeletal sarcoplasmic reticulum at concentrations higher than 1 microM, followed by spontaneous Ca2+ reuptake by measuring extravesicular Ca2+ concentrations(More)
9-Methyl-7-bromoeudistomin D (MBED), a derivative of eudistomin D isolated from a marine tunicate, induced Ca++ release from the heavy fraction of fragmented sarcoplasmic reticulum (HSR) in the same way as that of caffeine, followed by spontaneous Ca++ reuptake in the Ca++ electrode experiment. The rate of 45Ca++ efflux from HSR vesicles was accelerated(More)
The neutralization of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) after adsorption to the cell surface at 4 degrees C was studied using two neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (C-23 and C-41) recognizing glycoprotein 130/55. HCMV adsorbed to cells was neutralized by C-23 (complement-independent), but not by C-41 (complement-dependent). Furthermore, the virus remained(More)
Natural iridoid, picroside I (beta-D-glucopyranoside, 1a,1b,2,5a,6, 6a-hexahydro-6-hydroxy-1a-(hydroxymethyl)oxireno[4,5]cyclopenta[1, 2-c]pyran-2-yl, 6-(3-phenyl-2-propenoate)) or II (beta-D-glucopyranoside, 1a,1b,2,5a,6, 6a-hexahydro-6-[(4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoyl)oxy]-1a-(hydroxymethyl )ox ireno[4,5]cyclopenta[1,2-c]pyran-2-yl) alone did not exhibit(More)