Learn More
BACKGROUND & AIMS Curcumin is a biologically active phytochemical substance present in turmeric and has pharmacologic actions that might benefit patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim in this trial was to assess the efficacy of curcumin as maintenance therapy in patients with quiescent ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS Eighty-nine patients with(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Curcumin is known to have a variety of pharmacologic effects, including antitumor, anti-inflammatory, and anti-infectious activities. The pleiotropic effects of curcumin are attributable at least in part to inhibition of transcriptional factor nuclear factor kappaB (NF-kappaB). However, the effect of curcumin on intestinal inflammation has(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) is an intracellular pathogen that can replicate within infected macrophages. The ability of M. tb to arrest phagosome maturation is believed to facilitate its intracellular multiplication. Rab GTPases regulate membrane trafficking, but details of how Rab GTPases regulate phagosome maturation and how M. tb modulates their(More)
The spleen plays an important role in host-protective responses to bacteria. However, the cellular dynamics that lead to pathogen-specific immunity remain poorly understood. Here we examined Listeria monocytogenes (Lm) infection in the mouse spleen via in situ fluorescence microscopy. We found that the redistribution of Lm from the marginal zone (MZ) to the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the therapeutic effect of the administration of plasmid encoding interleukin-4 (IL-4) via gene-gun delivery and via intradermal injection on collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS IL-4 plasmid was administered by gene-gun delivery and intradermal injection to DBA/1 mice immunized with type II collagen (CII). The therapeutic effect(More)
Tuberculosis (TB) has been listed as one of the most prevalent and serious infectious diseases worldwide. The etiological pathogen of TB is Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb), a facultative intracellular bacterium. Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) is the only approved vaccine against TB to date. BCG has been widely used, but the efficacy is(More)
The late endosomal marker Rab7 has been long believed to be absent from the phagosome containing Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M.tb) in macrophage, but the detail kinetics remains elusive. Here, we found that Rab7 is transiently recruited to and subsequently released from M.tb phagosomes. For further understanding of the effect of Rab7 dissociation from the(More)
For protection against intracellular bacteria such as Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Listeria monocytogenes, the cellular arm of adaptive immunity is necessary. A variety of immunization methods have been evaluated and are reported to induce specific CD8(+) T cells against intracellular bacterial infection. Modified BCG vaccines have been examined to(More)
Both CD4(+) type 1 helper T (Th1) cells and CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) play pivotal roles in protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Here, we identified Th1 and CTL epitopes on a novel protective antigen, MPT51, in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. Mice were immunized with plasmid DNA encoding MPT51 by using a gene gun, and gamma(More)
The spleen is an important organ for the host response to systemic bacterial infections. Many cell types and cell surface receptors have been shown to play role in the capture and control of bacteria, yet these are often studied individually and a coherent picture has yet to emerge of how various phagocytes collaborate to control bacterial infection. We(More)