Yukio Katori

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Hereditary deafness affects about 1 in 2000 children and mutations in the GJB2 gene are the major cause in various ethnic groups. GJB2 encodes connexin26, a putative channel component in cochlear gap junction. However, the pathogenesis of hearing loss caused by the GJB2 mutations remains obscure. The generation of a mouse model to study the function of(More)
Whole cell voltage clamp and freeze fracture were used to study the electrophysiological and ultrastructural correlates of the outer hair cell (OHC) lateral membrane molecular motors. We find that specific voltage-dependent capacitance, which derives from motility-related charge movement, increases as cell length decreases. This increasing non-linear charge(More)
DFN3, an X chromosome-linked nonsyndromic mixed deafness, is caused by mutations in the BRN-4 gene, which encodes a POU transcription factor. Brn-4-deficient mice were created and found to exhibit profound deafness. No gross morphological changes were observed in the conductive ossicles or cochlea, although there was a dramatic reduction in endocochlear(More)
Connexin 31 (Cx31) mutations cause an autosomal dominant form of high-frequency hearing loss. The immunohistochemical localization of Cx31 in mouse cochlea was studied at different ages between 0 and 60 days after birth (DAB). Cx31-like immunoreactivity was detected in fibrocytes of spiral ligament and spiral limbus at 12 DAB, gradually enhanced with the(More)
Sensory and supporting cells of the mammalian organ of Corti have cytoskeletons containing beta- and gamma-actin isoforms which have been described as having differing intracellular distributions in chick cochlear hair cells. Here, we have used post-embedding immunogold labelling for beta- and gamma-actin to investigate semiquantitatively how they are(More)
BACKGROUND Nitrates dilate coronary arteries, ameliorate myocardial ischemia, minimize left ventricular remodeling, and reduce mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction. However, the effects of long-term treatment with nitrates on cardiac events in patients with healed myocardial infarction are not known. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 1,002(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated immunoreactive von Willebrand factor (vWF), a platelet adhesion molecule, in the endocardial endothelium and its relationship to thrombogenesis in the human atrial appendage. BACKGROUND Intra-atrial thrombogenesis is generally thought to be induced by blood stasis in the atrial appendage involved with atrial fibrillation (AF).(More)
Invasive fungal sinusitis is a relatively rare disease and can be divided into acute fulminant, chronic, and granulomatous invasive fungal sinusitis. The conventional treatment is radical surgery combined with systemic amphotericin B administration, but the poor prognosis and unestablished treatment options require a better therapeutic strategy. We report(More)
The cranial parasympathetic ganglia have been reported to paradoxically contain the sympathetic nerve marker, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), in addition to neurons expressing parasympathetic markers such as vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS). However, the distribution of these molecules in the cranial ganglia of human(More)
The stereociliary bundles of hair cells contain cross-linking extracellular filaments which have been suggested to play a role in mechanoelectrical transduction. To investigate the composition of these filaments, antibodies to the extracellular matrix molecules elastin and keratan sulphate have been used for light- and electron-microscopic(More)