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he sorting of transmembrane proteins to endosomes and lysosomes is mediated by signals present in the cytosolic tails of the proteins. A subset of these signals conform to the [DE]XXXL[LI] consensus motif and mediate sorting via interactions with heterotetrameric adaptor protein (AP) complexes. However, the identity of the AP sub-units that recognize these(More)
The circadian rhythms in mammals are regulated by a pacemaker located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus. Four clock-gene families have been found to be involved in a transcription-translation feedback loop that generates the circadian rhythm at the intracellular level. The proteins Clock and Bmal1 form a heterodimer which activates the(More)
S100β-protein-positive cells in the anterior pituitary gland appear to possess multifunctional properties. Because of their pleiotropic features, S100β-positive cells are assumed to be of a heterogeneous or even a non-pituitary origin. The observation of various markers has allowed these cells to be classified into populations such as stem/progenitor cells,(More)
Lactobacillus reuteri is a heterofermentative lactic acid bacterium that naturally inhabits the gut of humans and other animals. The probiotic effects of L. reuteri have been proposed to be largely associated with the production of the broad-spectrum antimicrobial compound reuterin during anaerobic metabolism of glycerol. We determined the complete genome(More)
The basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor DEC1 is expressed in a circadian manner in the suprachiasmatic nucleus where it seems to play a role in regulating the mammalian circadian rhythm by suppressing the CLOCK/BMAL1-activated promoter. The interaction of DEC1 with BMAL1 has been suggested as one of the molecular mechanisms of the suppression(More)
Polymeric micelles incorporating cisplatin (CDDP) were prepared through the polymer-metal complex formation between CDDP and poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(glutamic acid) block copolymers, and their utility as a tumor-targeted drug delivery system was investigated. CDDP-incorporated micelles (CDDP/m) had a size of 28 nm with remarkably narrow distribution.(More)
Dental pulp cells (DPCs) are a promising source of transplantable cells in regenerative medicine. However, DPCs have not been fully characterized at the molecular level. The aim of the present study was to distinguish DPCs from various source-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), fibroblasts (FBs) and other cells by the expression of several(More)
The pituitary gland is a slow generative tissue but actively responds to demands by changing homeostasis. The marginal cell layer (MCL) facing the residual lumen has long been indicated as a stem/progenitor cell niche of the pituitary. On the other hand, the coxsackievirus and adenovirus receptor (CAR), which localizes at the tight-junction of the polarized(More)
Paired-related homeobox transcription factors, PRX1 and PRX2, are verified to play essential roles in limb, heart and craniofacial development by analyses of knockout animals. Their gene expression in the embryonic primordia derived from the mesoderm and neural crest is confirmed by in situ hybridization. Nevertheless, a detailed localization of PRX1 and(More)