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Purpose. The purpose of the present study is to examine the selectivity of various inhibitors towards the rat organic anion transporting polypeptides 1 (Oatp1: gene symbol Slc21a1) and 2 (Oatp2: Slc21a5). Methods. The inhibitory effects of 20 compounds on the Oatp1-mediated transport of estradiol 17β-D-glucuronide and on the Oatp2-mediated transport of(More)
Metformin, a biguanide, is widely used as an oral hypoglycemic agent for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the role of organic cation transporter 1 (Oct1) in the disposition of metformin. Transfection of rat Oct1 cDNA results in the time-dependent and saturable uptake of metformin by the Chinese(More)
The circadian rhythms in mammals are regulated by a pacemaker located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus. Four clock-gene families have been found to be involved in a transcription-translation feedback loop that generates the circadian rhythm at the intracellular level. The proteins Clock and Bmal1 form a heterodimer which activates the(More)
The uptake properties of taurocholate (TC) and estradiol 17beta-D-glucuronide (E(2)17betaG) were examined in freshly isolated and cryopreserved human hepatocytes to discover if active transport is retained in cryopreserved human hepatocytes. Firstly, the uptake of TC and E(2)17betaG was measured before and after cryopreservation. The uptake of TC was found(More)
Human organic anion transporting polypeptide OATP-B (OATP2B1) is a pH-sensitive transporter expressed in the apical membranes of small intestinal epithelial cells. In this study, we have examined the contribution of OATP-B to the uptake of [3H]estrone-3-sulfate in Caco-2 cells in comparison with those of its homologs OATP-D (OATP3A1) and OATP-E (OATP4A1).(More)
Lactobacillus reuteri is a heterofermentative lactic acid bacterium that naturally inhabits the gut of humans and other animals. The probiotic effects of L. reuteri have been proposed to be largely associated with the production of the broad-spectrum antimicrobial compound reuterin during anaerobic metabolism of glycerol. We determined the complete genome(More)
The sorting of transmembrane proteins to endosomes and lysosomes is mediated by signals present in the cytosolic tails of the proteins. A subset of these signals conform to the [DE]XXXL[LI] consensus motif and mediate sorting via interactions with heterotetrameric adaptor protein (AP) complexes. However, the identity of the AP subunits that recognize these(More)
Biguanides are a class of drugs widely used as oral antihyperglycemic agents for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus, but they are associated with lactic acidosis, a lethal side effect. We reported previously that biguanides are good substrates of rat organic cation transporter 1 (Oct1; Slc22a1) and, using Oct1(-/-) mice, that mouse Oct1 is(More)
UNLABELLED We isolated and expanded BMSCs from human alveolar/jaw bone at a high success rate (70%). These cells had potent osteogenic potential in vitro and in vivo, although their chondrogenic and adipogenic potential was less than that of iliac cells. INTRODUCTION Human bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) have osteogenic, chondrogenic, and adipogenic(More)
In the present study, we attempted to identify the membrane permeation process(es) primarily involved in the molecular-weight-dependent biliary excretion of beta-lactam antibiotics. A search of the literature indicated that the molecular weight threshold operates mainly in the transport process across bile canalicular membranes. We confirmed that biliary(More)