Yukio Kaneko

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In order to find out whether high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) might be useful against hepatocellular carcinoma, we analyzed the effect of a microbubble agent (Levovist) on the temperature rise and tissue necrosis induced by HIFU. Rabbits were given 7 ml Levovist (300 mg/ml) or saline intravenously. Up to six areas per rabbit liver were exposed to(More)
A polyacrylamide (PAA) gel containing egg white as a new model for irradiation experiments in high-intensity focused ultrasound HIFU is introduced. The gel is transparent except in thermally necrosed regions which are white. The model is similar to, and has the same benefits as, gels containing bovine serum albumin (BSA) protein, but egg is less expensive(More)
Transgenic herbicide-resistant varieties of Brassica napus, or oilseed rape, from which canola oil is obtained, are imported into Japan, where this plant is not commercially cultivated to a large extent. This study aimed to examine the distribution of herbicide-resistant B. napus and transgene flow to escaped populations of its closely related species, B.(More)
Several imported transgenic canola (Brassica napus) seeds have been spilled and have grown along roadsides around import ports. B. juncea, a relative of B. napus with which it has high interspecific crossability, is widely distributed throughout Japan. There is public concern about the harmful impacts of feral B. napus plants on biodiversity, but(More)
Monosomic addition lines (MALs) are useful materials not only for cytogenetic and molecular genetic studies but also for plant breeding as gene sources. In our previous study, two MALs in the tribe Brassiceae were developed, one being Raphanus sativus lines with alien chromosomes of Brassica rapa (B. rapa-monosomic addition lines; BrMALs) and the second(More)
Erythrocytes, as well as microbubble contrast agents, are important factors in improving thermal effect of high-intensity focused ultrasound (US), or HIFU, and increasing the coagulation volume produced by HIFU irradiation. In vitro experiments used human plasma with various concentrations of human erythrocytes in combination with or without Levovist. In(More)
PURPOSE To compare the efficiency of different microbubble contrast agents in the heating and coagulation of rabbit liver tissue by using high-intensity focused ultrasound therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS The use of and protocols for Japan white rabbits were approved by the University of Tokyo Committee on Animal Resources. In vitro experiments were(More)
We studied the possibility of using high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) together with a microbubble agent to treat hepatocellular carcinoma. Development of liver tumors in rats was induced by administration of Dimethylnitrosamin (100ppm). Rats with liver tumors were anesthetized, underwent laparotomy, and were given the microbubble agent Levovist or(More)
In Brassicaceae crop breeding programs, wild relatives have been evaluated as genetic resources to develop new cultivars with biotic and abiotic stress resistance. This has become necessary because of the diversification of ecotypes of diseases and pests, changing food preferences, advances in production technology, the use of new approaches such as in(More)
We compared the structural, biochemical, and physiological characteristics involved in photorespiration of intergeneric hybrids differing in genome constitution (DtDtR, DtDtRR, and DtRR) between the C3-C4 intermediate species Diplotaxis tenuifolia (DtDt) and the C3 species radish (Raphanus sativus; RR). The bundle sheath (BS) cells in D. tenuifolia included(More)