Yukio Kanazawa

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Acute Intake of Radionuclides Immediately After the Incident as theMain Contributor of the Internal Radiation Exposure After FukushimaDaiichi Nuclear Disaster The Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster is a series of equipment failures, nuclear meltdowns, and release of radioactive materials, raising serious health concerns in nearby residents. We recently(More)
BACKGROUND Mitomycin C (MMC) can trigger various intracellular signals. The authors previously showed that pretreatment of highly immunogenic crude pancreatic islets with MMC improved their survival in a rat-to-mouse transplantation model. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta in mediating MMC-induced(More)
Author Affiliations: Department of Psychiatry, National Defense Medical College, Saitama, Japan (Drs Shigemura and Nomura); and Department of Public Health, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Ehime, Japan (Drs Tanigawa [tt9178tt9178@gmail.com] and Saito). Author Contributions: Drs Shigemura and Tanigawa had full access to all of the data in the(More)
Using the first WBC unit installed in Fukushima Prefecture after the accident, the radiocesium body burdens of 566 high-risk residents of Minamisoma city were measured in July 2011 at the Minamisoma Municipal General Hospital. The analysis of the data was challenging because this chair-type, WBC unit, did not have sufficient shielding against background(More)
Maintaining low levels of chronic internal contamination among residents in radiation-contaminated areas after a nuclear disaster is a great public health concern. However, the efficacy of reduction measures for individual internal contamination remains unknown. To reduce high levels of internal radiation exposure in a group of individuals exposed through(More)
An assessment of the external and internal radiation exposure levels, which includes calculation of effective doses from chronic radiation exposure and assessment of long-term radiation-related health risks, has become mandatory for residents living near the nuclear power plant in Fukushima, Japan. Data for all primary and secondary children in Minamisoma(More)
Chronic internal radiation contamination accounts for a substantial fraction of long-term cumulative radiation exposure among residents in radiation-contaminated areas. However, little information is available on ongoing chronic internal radiation contamination among residents near the crippled Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Using a whole body(More)
BABYSCAN, a whole-body counter (WBC) for small children was developed in 2013, and units have been installed at three hospitals in Fukushima Prefecture. Between December, 2013 and March, 2015, 2707 children between the ages of 0 and 11 have been scanned, and none had detectable levels of radioactive cesium. The minimum detectable activities (MDAs) for(More)