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Methanogenic microbes may be one of the most primitive organisms, although it is uncertain when methanogens first appeared on Earth. During the Archaean era (before 2.5 Gyr ago), methanogens may have been important in regulating climate, because they could have provided sufficient amounts of the greenhouse gas methane to mitigate a severely frozen condition(More)
Unique new fossil assemblages containing the large bivalve family Alatoconchidae are recorded from the Guadalupian (Middle Permian) shallow marine limestone in Kamura, Kyushu. The large bivalves occur in the Neoschwagerina Zone and Lepidolina Zone. This discovery establishes that the biostratigraphic range of the family Alatoconchidae extends up to the top(More)
Domain-level identification of microbial cells or cell-like structures is crucial for investigating natural microbial communities and their ecological significance. By using micro-Fourier transform infrared (micro-FTIR) spectroscopy, we established a technical basis for the domain-level diagnosis and quantification of prokaryotic cell abundance in natural(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o Oxidative precipitation and authigenic enrichment of the redox sensitive element Mn in sedimentary rocks can serve as a proxy for the release of high levels of O 2 during the Great Oxidization Event (GOE). Here we investigate Mn abundance in sedimentary rocks of the 2.45–2.22 Ga Huronian Supergroup, Canada. We found authigenic Mn(More)
a r t i c l e i n f o Despite their utility for bio-and chemostratigraphy, many carbonate platform sequences have been difficult to analyze using paleomagnetic techniques due to their extraordinarily weak natural remanent magnetizations (NRMs). However, the physical processes of magnetization imply that stable NRMs can be preserved that are many orders of(More)
The Capitanian (Late Guadalupian) Maokou Formation at Chaotian in northern Sichuan, South China, is composed mainly of shallow marine shelf carbonates deposited on the Tethyan side of South China. By detailed field mapping and scientific drilling, we newly found out unique fossil assemblages and a sharp lithologic change in the upper part of the Maokou(More)
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