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Afferent and efferent connections of the fastigial oculomotor region (FOR) were studied in macaque monkeys by using axonal transport of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP). When injected HRP is confined to the FOR, retrogradely labeled cells appear in lobules VIc and VII of the ipsilateral vermis and in group b of the(More)
which can secondarily alter the fate of the SMs when de-repressed. None of these models adequately address the fact that the bd1 SM has different fates in the tassel and ear. It is unlikely that bd1b partially compensates for the loss of BD1 in the tassel, as proposed for the zag1/zmm2 duplication in maize (14), because we have been unable to detect bd1b(More)
Here, we report the isolation and characterization of an endogenous peptide ligand of GPR103 from rat brains. The purified peptide was found to be the 43-residue RF-amide peptide QRFP. We also describe two mouse homologues of human GPR103, termed mouse GPR103A and GPR103B. QRFP binds and activates the human GPR103, as well as mouse GPR103A and GPR103B, with(More)
Studies in adrenocortical cells have implicated the orphan nuclear receptor SF-1 in the gene regulation of the steroid hydroxylases. We used targeted disruption of the Ftz-F1 gene, which encodes SF-1, to examine its role in intact mice. Despite normal survival in utero, all Ftz-F1 null animals died by postnatal day 8; these animals lacked adrenal glands and(More)
BACKGROUND Ghrelin is a novel growth hormone (GH)-releasing peptide that may also induce vasodilation and stimulate feeding through GH-independent mechanisms. We investigated whether ghrelin improves left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and attenuates cardiac cachexia in rats with chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS AND RESULTS Ligation of the left coronary(More)
To clarify the alterations of tau, amyloid beta protein (A beta) 1-40 and A beta1-42(43) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) that accompany normal aging and the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD), CSF samples of 93 AD patients, 32 longitudinal subjects among these 93 AD patients, 33 patients with non-AD dementia, 56 with other neurological diseases, and(More)
To examine continuous variation of amylose levels in Asian rice (Oryza sativa) landraces, the five putative alleles (Wx a, Wx in, Wx b, Wx op, and wx) at the wx locus were investigated in near-isogenic lines (NILs). Apparent amylose levels ranged from 0.5 to 29.9% in the NILs, showing a positive relation with the levels of Wx gene product, granule-bound(More)
As an initial step toward understanding its role in steroidogenesis, we studied the developmental profile of steroidogenic factor-1 (SF-1), a nuclear receptor that regulates the steroid hydroxylases. SF-1 transcripts first appear on embryonic day 9 (E9) in the urogenital ridge, the probable source of steroidogenic cells of both adrenals and gonads. By E11,(More)
The newly recognized ataxia-ocular apraxia 1 (AOA1; MIM 208920) is the most frequent cause of autosomal recessive ataxia in Japan and is second only to Friedreich ataxia in Portugal. It shares several neurological features with ataxia-telangiectasia, including early onset ataxia, oculomotor apraxia and cerebellar atrophy, but does not share its(More)
We have analyzed expression of a gene encoding a brain-specific Na(+)-dependent inorganic phosphate cotransporter (DNPI), which was recently cloned from human brain, in rat forebrain using in situ hybridization. The expression of DNPI mRNA showed a widespread but highly heterogeneous pattern of distribution in the forebrain, where hybridization signals were(More)