Yukio Hiyama

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The physiological function of interleukin-6 within the central nervous system (CNS) is complex; interleukin-6 exerts neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects and yet can also function as a mediator of inflammation, demyelination, and astrogliosis depending on the cellular context. However, the roles of interleukin-6 in astrocytes are poorly understood. In(More)
Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopic analysis of noncrystalline polyols and saccharides (e.g., glycerol, sorbitol, maltitol, glucose, sucrose, maltose) was performed at different temperatures (30–80°C) to elucidate the effect of glass transition on molecular interaction. Transmission NIR spectra (4,000–12,000 cm−1) of the liquids and cooled-melt amorphous(More)
A simple and rapid determination method for nitazoxanide (NTZ), an antiprotozoal agent, was developed using reverse-phase HPLC and Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC). Only six minutes gradient condition for NTZ analysis using UPLC was achieved. The mobile phase consisted of a mixture of phosphate buffer (pH 6.0) and acetonitrile. The(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) of various proteins (bovine serum albumin, lysozyme, ovalbumin, gamma-globulin, beta-lactoglobulin, myoglobin, cytochrome-c) was investigated as a possible analytical method of the protein secondary structure in various physical states. The spectra of proteins in aqueous solutions (transmission mode, solvent-compensated) and(More)
A rapid and nondestructive identification method for ofloxacin (OFLX) and levofloxacin (LVFX) utilizing diffusion reflectance near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was developed. An obvious difference in spectral patterns between LVFX that is used for commercial tablets and LVFX HCl that can be purchased as a reagent at a low price was also observed. These(More)
A non-destructive method for analyzing crystalline tulobuterol (TBR; a bronchodilator [β(2)-blocker]) in transdermal drug delivery system tapes with a crystal reservoir system was developed. A near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and a near infrared spectroscopic imaging (NIRI) were used to investigate the distribution of TBR crystals in transdermal tapes. The(More)
In the present study, we performed comprehensive pharmaceutical evaluation among an original clobetasone butyrate (CLB) ointment product and three generic products. Although spherocrystal images were observed under a polarizing microscope for only Kindavate®, the original product, distribution of active and inactive ingredients was chemically equivalent(More)
The extent of deviation factors and the influence of pre-processing of spectra for a quantitative application of reflectance NIR measurement against powder sample were examined. Lactose monohydrate (NGLM), a medical additive was used for this study. Ground lactose monohydrate (GLM) and NGLM were measured by NIR reflectance spectroscopy. In the wave number(More)
Applicability of a Terahertz Pulsed Spectroscopy (TPS) and a Terahertz Pulsed Imaging (TPI) for detection of tulobuterol (TBR) crystals in transdermal patches was investigated. Because TBR has high permeability in dermis, crystalline TBR in patch matrices contributes to controlling the release rate of TBR from a matrix. Therefore, crystalline TBR is one of(More)
A practical approach for the qualification of the surrounding environment of the critical area in aseptic processing has been developed. This method uses three-dimensional air velocity measurements combined with airborne particle monitoring. The analysis of the results obtained using the methods described in this article are beneficial in the selection of(More)