Yukio Hiyama

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The physiological function of interleukin-6 within the central nervous system (CNS) is complex; interleukin-6 exerts neurotrophic and neuroprotective effects and yet can also function as a mediator of inflammation, demyelination, and astrogliosis depending on the cellular context. However, the roles of interleukin-6 in astrocytes are poorly understood. In(More)
Understanding how moisture interacts with a drug or formulation is a critical component of product development. This study demonstrates how water affects the 3'-gem-diol<==>3'-keto equilibrium in trospectomycin sulfate bulk drug and freeze-dried formulation, as probed by solid-state carbon-13 cross-polarization magic angle spinning (CP/MAS) and(More)
Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIR) of various proteins (bovine serum albumin, lysozyme, ovalbumin, gamma-globulin, beta-lactoglobulin, myoglobin, cytochrome-c) was investigated as a possible analytical method of the protein secondary structure in various physical states. The spectra of proteins in aqueous solutions (transmission mode, solvent-compensated) and(More)
In the present study, we performed comprehensive pharmaceutical evaluation among an original clobetasone butyrate (CLB) ointment product and three generic products. Although spherocrystal images were observed under a polarizing microscope for only Kindavate®, the original product, distribution of active and inactive ingredients was chemically equivalent(More)
Applicability of a Terahertz Pulsed Spectroscopy (TPS) and a Terahertz Pulsed Imaging (TPI) for detection of tulobuterol (TBR) crystals in transdermal patches was investigated. Because TBR has high permeability in dermis, crystalline TBR in patch matrices contributes to controlling the release rate of TBR from a matrix. Therefore, crystalline TBR is one of(More)
Near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopic analysis of noncrystalline polyols and saccharides (e.g., glycerol, sorbitol, maltitol, glucose, sucrose, maltose) was performed at different temperatures (30-80 degrees C) to elucidate the effect of glass transition on molecular interaction. Transmission NIR spectra (4,000-12,000 cm(-1)) of the liquids and cooled-melt(More)
A rapid and nondestructive identification method for ofloxacin (OFLX) and levofloxacin (LVFX) utilizing diffusion reflectance near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy was developed. An obvious difference in spectral patterns between LVFX that is used for commercial tablets and LVFX HCl that can be purchased as a reagent at a low price was also observed. These(More)
The extent of deviation factors and the influence of pre-processing of spectra for a quantitative application of reflectance NIR measurement against powder sample were examined. Lactose monohydrate (NGLM), a medical additive was used for this study. Ground lactose monohydrate (GLM) and NGLM were measured by NIR reflectance spectroscopy. In the wave number(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate pharmaceuticals using a near-infrared chemical imaging (NIR-CI) technique for visualizing the distribution of ingredients in solid dosage forms of commercially available clarithromycin tablets. The cross section of a tablet was measured using the NIR-CI system for evaluating the distribution of ingredients in the(More)
Microscopic Laser Raman Spectroscopy and Mapping (MLRSM) technique was used to investigate the distribution of tulobuterol (TBR) crystals in transdermal tapes. TBR is one of suitable compounds for the transdermal pharmaceuticals because it has high permeability into skin. In case of TBR transdermal tapes, some commercial products also contain TBR crystals(More)