Yukio Fujimoto

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Some of the side-effects of using indomethacin (IM) involve damage to the gastric mucosa and liver mitochondria. On the other hand, neutrophils infiltrate inflammatory sites to damage the tissues through the generation of reactive oxygen species by myeloperoxidase. The stomach and intestine have large amounts of peroxidase. These findings suggest that(More)
The activity of membrane-bound dipeptidyl aminopeptidase IV (EC 3.4.14.5) was found to be markedly reduced in the Fischer 344 rat strain compared with that in the Wistar strain. Analysis of membrane proteins by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Ouchterlony immunodiffusion revealed the specific absence of this enzyme molecule in(More)
Release of iron from ferritin requires reduction of ferric to ferrous iron. The iron can participate in the diabetogenic action of alloxan. We investigated the ability of ascorbate to catalyze the release of iron from ferritin in the presence of alloxan. Incubation of ferritin with ascorbate alone elicited iron release (33 nmol/10 min) and the generation of(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are by-products of aerobic metabolism and are implicated in the pathogenesis of several diseases. H(2)O(2) produces oxidative stress and acts as a second messenger in several cell types. We tested whether the effect of H(2)O(2) on cellular events could be altered by changes in the intracellular redox status in a cardiomyocyte(More)
Lipid peroxidation was investigated to evaluate the deleterious effect on tissues by phenylbutazone (PB). PB induced lipid peroxidation of microsomes in the presence of horseradish peroxidase and hydrogen peroxide (HRP-H2O2). The lipid peroxidation was completely inhibited by catalase but not by superoxide dismutase. Mannitol and dimethylsulfoxide had no(More)
Compounds acting as antioxidants to lipids often have a prooxidant effect on DNA or protein. In this study, inactivation of creatine kinase was examined as an indicator of protein damage induced by antioxidative stilbene derivatives, including diethylstilboestrol, resveratrol and tamoxifen, with horseradish peroxidase and hydrogen peroxide (horseradish(More)
Sodium diethyldithiocarbamate, 2,6-di-tert-butylphenol and N,N′-diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine inhibited the generation of medullary prostaglandin E, but 1,2-dimethoxyethane (OH scavenger) and 2,5-dimethylfuran (1O2 scavenger) stimulated basal prostaglandin E production 1.2–1.3-fold. These results suggest that the balance between formation and removal of(More)
The diabetogenic action of alloxan is thought to be initiated by generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Ascorbate can be an antioxidant in a predominantly aqueous environment, such as plasma and extracellular fluids. We have investigated the generation of ROS in the interaction of alloxan with ascorbate. Rapid oxygen consumption was observed in the(More)
Chloroacetaldehyde, a metabolite of the anticancer drug ifosfamide, may be responsible for serious adverse effects like encephalopathy in ifosfamide chemotherapy. In this study, we demonstrate that chloroacetaldehyde, but not ifosfamide, induces cell death in human osteosarcoma Saos-2 cells and we investigated the mechanism by which this occurs.(More)