Yukinori Sawabe

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The specificity of two major types of cytochrome P-450 of rat liver microsomes induced by phenobarbital (PB) and 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) toward activation of three 14C-labeled tetrachlorobiphenyl (TCB) isomers to protein-bound metabolites was examined by intact microsomal and reconstituted monooxygenase systems. The monooxygenase system containing(More)
Epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) plays a crucial role in controlling sodium reabsorption in the kidney keeping the normal blood pressure. We previously reported that the expression of ENaC mRNA in the kidney of Dahl salt-sensitive (DS) rats was abnormally regulated by aldosterone, however it is unknown if dietary sodium affects the expression of ENaC and(More)
In antral mucous cells, acetylcholine (ACh, 1 μM) activates Ca(2+)-regulated exocytosis, consisting of an initial peak that declines rapidly (initial transient phase) followed by a second slower decline (late phase) lasting during ACh stimulation. The addition of 8-bromo-cGMP (8-BrcGMP) enhanced the initial phase, which was inhibited by the protein kinase G(More)
A PPARα (peroxisome proliferation activation receptor α) agonist (GW7647) activates nitric oxide synthase 1 (NOS1) to produce NO leading to cGMP accumulation in antral mucous cells. In this study, we examined how PPARα activates NOS1. The NO production stimulated by GW7647 was suppressed by inhibitors of PI3K (wortmannin) and Akt (AKT 1/2 Kinase Inhibitor,(More)
Levtiracetam (Lev), an inhibitor of SV2A (synaptic vesicle protein A2), affected the ATP-dependent priming of Ca(2+)-regulated exocytosis in antral mucous cells of guinea pig. In antral mucous cells, the Ca(2+)-regulated exocytosis, which is activated by acetylcholine (ACh), consists of an initial peak that declines rapidly (initial phase) followed by a(More)
CONCLUSION These results show that eight pancreatic cancer cell lines are broadly sensitive to CDDP, and that chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer may improve the prognosis by more effective drug delivery to cancer cells. BACKGROUND Chemotherapy for pancreatic cancer does not satisfactorily improve prognosis. The efficacy of chemotherapy depends on choosing(More)
Aldosterone plays a crucial role in controlling mineral balance in our body. The mechanism of aldosterone has been reported to elevate renal Na+ reabsorption by stimulating expression of epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) and also activate an ENaC-regulating protein kinase, serum and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase 1 (SGK1). However, it is unknown whether(More)
In antral mucous cells, acetylcholine (ACh, 1 μM) activates Ca(2+)-regulated exocytosis, consisting of a peak in exocytotic events that declines rapidly (initial phase) followed by a second slower decline (late phase) lasting during ACh stimulation. GW7647 [a peroxisome proliferation activation receptor α (PPARα) agonist] enhanced the ACh-stimulated initial(More)
Indomethacin (IDM, 10 microm), not aspirin (ASA; 10 microm), enhanced the Ca(2+)-regulated exocytosis stimulated by 1 microm acetylcholine (ACh) in guinea-pig antral mucous cells. Indomethacin inhibits prostaglandin G/H (PGG/H) and 15R-hydroperoxy-eicosatetraenoic acid (15R-HPETE) production from arachidonic acid (AA), while ASA inhibits PGG/H production(More)