Yukinobu Takagi

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The fish otolith is a hard tissue consisting of calcium carbonate and organic matrices. The matrix proteins play important roles in otolith formation, but little is known about the nature of these proteins. In this study, matrix proteins were extracted from the otoliths of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, and chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta. EDTA-soluble(More)
In response to various extracellular signals, the morphology of the human fungal pathogen Candida albicans switches from yeast to hypha form. Here, we report that GPR1 encoding a putative G-protein-coupled receptor and GPA2 encoding a Galpha subunit are required for hypha formation and morphogenesis in C. albicans. Mutants lacking Gpr1 (gpr1/gpr1) or Gpa2(More)
Cells of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii undergo gametogenesis to produce sexually competent gametes under nitrogen-starved conditions. By using a synchronized system for gametogenesis of early G1 cells, several previously identified marker genes and 18 novel nitrogen-starved gametogenesis (NSG) genes isolated by macroarray analysis were placed into at least(More)
Using organically synthesized hydroxyalkanoate coenzyme A thioesters, the activities of two short-chain polyhydroxalkanoate (PHA) synthases were investigated – Ralstonia eutropha PHA synthase (a type I PHA synthase) and Ectothiorhodospira shaposhnikovii PHA synthase (a type III synthase). The results indicate that the two synthases have similar activities(More)
Candida albicans is a human fungal pathogen and has been extensively studied because of its clinical importance. Comprehensive gene analyses have, however, made little progress. This is because of the diploid and asexual characteristics of the fungus that hamper gene disruptions. In this study, we found that ultraviolet (UV) irradiation, as well as mutagen(More)
In the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, cell size is affected by the kind of carbon source in the medium. Here, we present evidence that the Gpr1 receptor and Gpa2 Galpha subunit are required for both maintenance and modulation of cell size in response to glucose. In the presence of glucose, mutants lacking GPR1 or GPA2 gene showed smaller cells than the(More)
Regions of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) DNA with variation in the size of restriction endonuclease fragments were identified by comparison of theBam HI,KpnI orSalI restriction endonuclease digestion patterns among 15 HSV-1 isolates after hybridization with specific32P-labeled cloned HSV-1 DNA fragments. Of the types of restriction fragment(More)
Aromatic amino acid decarboxylases (AADCs) are found in various organisms and play distinct physiological roles. AADCs from higher eukaryotes have been well studied because they are involved in the synthesis of biologically important molecules such as neurotransmitters and alkaloids. In contrast, bacterial AADCs have received less attention because of their(More)
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