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As a base for human transcriptome and functional genomics, we created the "full-length long Japan" (FLJ) collection of sequenced human cDNAs. We determined the entire sequence of 21,243 selected clones and found that 14,490 cDNAs (10,897 clusters) were unique to the FLJ collection. About half of them (5,416) seemed to be protein-coding. Of those, 1,999(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level has been used as a tumor marker for hepatoblastoma, and malignant germ cell tumors in pediatric patients. The AFP has 3 isoforms (L1, L2, L3), and the usefulness of the L3 fraction as a diagnostic marker for the adult hepatocellular carcinoma is well known. However, there are few reports dealing(More)
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), which is the most common pediatric soft tissue sarcoma, is classified into two major histologic subtypes, embryonal RMS (ERMS) and alveolar RMS (ARMS). RMS is occasionally reported to be the second neoplasm of hereditary retinoblastoma. Osteosarcoma is known as the most common second neoplasm of hereditary retinoblastoma, and(More)
Intestinal dysmotility has been reported to be associated with a decreased number of interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs). However, the chronological changes in ICCs after small bowel transplantation (SBT) have not yet been elucidated. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the chronological change of ICCs after SBT. Orthotopic syngeneic SBT was performed in(More)
Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most commonly occurring soft-tissue sarcoma in children. Some reports have discussed the altered expression and molecular abnormalities of cell-cycle-regulatory proteins in rhabdomyosarcoma; however, variable frequencies of occurrence have been noted. In the current study, among 72 cases of rhabdomyosarcoma, the authors evaluated for(More)
BACKGROUND Biliary atresia (BA) is a cholestatic disease of unknown etiology. It has recently been suggested that graft-vs-host disease caused by microchimerism is an etiology in the development of autoimmune disease. Moreover, the liver is a frequent target organ of graft-vs-host disease. The aim of this study is to identify the presence and extent of(More)
The surgical procedure for treating congenital duodenal atresia has normally been performed by an upper abdominal transverse incision. Recently, duodenoduodenostomy has been attempted using an umbilical crease incision to improve the cosmetic results. Eighteen cases of duodenal obstruction, including 15 atresia, 2 stenosis, and 1 atresia and stenosis, were(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Recurrent congenital diaphragmatic hernia (Re-CDH) is a well-known complication of CDH repair. Although surgical treatment is required for Re-CDH, the question regarding which technique is the optimal treatment has not yet been elucidated. We performed a repair using an abdominal muscle flap (AMF) for Re-CDH and herein report our(More)
PTLD is a serious complication of immunosuppression in solid organ transplant recipients. The incidence of PTLD is significantly higher in pediatric recipients than in adult because children are often EBV-seronegative and they may develop primary EBV infection after transplantation. We herein describe a case of GI-PTLD who achieved a complete remission by(More)
A choledochocele (type 3 choledochal cyst) is rarely observed in children. A 6-year-old boy experienced abdominal pain approximately 6 times in the previous 5 months. Magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography findings revealed a small cyst in the distal common bile duct. An endoscopic examination was performed, and a choledochocele was detected at the(More)