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Semaphorins and their receptor plexins constitute a pleiotropic cell-signalling system that is used in a wide variety of biological processes, and both protein families have been implicated in numerous human diseases. The binding of soluble or membrane-anchored semaphorins to the membrane-distal region of the plexin ectodomain activates plexin's intrinsic(More)
A method to construct macroscopic three-dimensional (3D) tissue architectures that mimic microscopic tissue structures in vivo has been seeked by researchers in the fi eld of tissue engineering. [ 1 ] In contrast to the traditional scaffold-based “top-down” approaches, [ 2 ] “bottom-up” tissue fabrication methods [ 3 ] using microtissue units as building(More)
VEGF-induced vascular barrier disruptions, formation of fenestrae and vesiculo-vacuolar organelles (VVOs), are involved in enhancing vascular permeability in metastatic and edematous diseases. Here, we analyzed vascular permeability enhanced by VEGFs with different receptor selectivity using biological and ultrastructural methods. VEGF-A(165), which(More)
A number of studies indicate that matrix metalloproteinase might be involved in photoaging, but little is known about their direct contribution to ultraviolet-induced histologic and morphologic changes in the skin in vivo. This study reports the relationship between changes of matrix metalloproteinase activities and ultraviolet B-induced skin changes in(More)
Artificial reconstruction of fibre-shaped cellular constructs could greatly contribute to tissue assembly in vitro. Here we show that, by using a microfluidic device with double-coaxial laminar flow, metre-long core-shell hydrogel microfibres encapsulating ECM proteins and differentiated cells or somatic stem cells can be fabricated, and that the(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF165) and its receptor KDR (kinase insert domain-containing receptor) are central regulators of blood vessel formation. We herein report a KDR-binding protein we have isolated in the venom of eastern cottonmouth (Agkistrodon piscivorus piscivorus). Sequence analysis revealed the isolated KDR-binding protein (designated(More)
The epidermal basement membrane (BM) plays important roles in adhesion between epidermis and dermis and in controlling epidermal differentiation. In a skin-equivalent (SE), components of the epidermal BM such as laminin 5 and type IV and VII collagens were detected in conditioned media and in basal keratinocytes. Despite production of these BM components,(More)
BACKGROUND Repeated mechanical stresses, such as scratching and rubbing, on a lesional skin area induce a rough skin condition known as lichenification in patients with chronic eczematous dermatitis. For ethical reasons, the pathomechanisms involved are difficult to study, so an animal model is required. OBJECTIVES To study the pathomechanisms of the(More)
To clarify the difference between cutaneous responses to single and repeated barrier disruption, changes of epidermal gene expression were examined by using RT-PCR. In repeatedly barrier-disrupted skin, heparanase was specifically up-regulated in epidermis. In addition, there was a marked decrease in heparan sulfate (HS) chains of perlecan in basement(More)
Chemical peeling with salicylic acid in polyethylene glycol vehicle (SA-PEG), which specifically acts on the stratum corneum, suppresses the development of skin tumors in UVB-irradiated hairless mice. To elucidate the mechanism through which chemical peeling with SA-PEG suppresses skin tumor development, the effects of chemical peeling on photodamaged(More)