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We investigated the effects of the immunoactive peptides, FK 156 and FK 565, on functions of mouse macrophages. FK 156 and FK 565 given parenterally or orally to mice enhanced spreading of peritoneal macrophages, phagocytosis of latex particles and intracellular killing of bacteria by peritoneal macrophages. FK 156 and FK 565 also enhanced the production of(More)
Prograf (FK506) was given to male mature rats in a daily subcutaneous dose of 1 or 3 mg/kg/day for 2 weeks to investigate its effect on spermatogenesis. Prograf dose-dependently sperm counts and motility, but did not affect testosterone level in the serum of rats. Histopathologically, there were no abnormal changes in the testis, seminal vesicle or prostate(More)
The effects of cisplatin on erythropoietin (EPO) production were investigated in comparison with the effects of phenylhydrazine in rats. Cisplatin (4.5 mg/kg i.p. bolus) decreased red blood cell count (RBC), hematocrit (Hct) and hemoglobin concentration (Hgb) for 14 days after dosing. These decreases were accompanied with increases of blood urea nitrogen(More)
Microbubble-based contrast agents can enhance echoes in areas of low blood flow, but the bubbles are extremely sensitive and collapse easily when exposed to ultrasound (US) irradiation. An experimental study of bubble collapse was carried out to design new functions for US diagnostic systems to detect echoes from microbubbles more efficiently. For contrast(More)
Single-dose pharmacokinetics of FK037 has been investigated in laboratory animals. After bolus intravenous dosing with 20 mg/kg, the elimination half-life of FK037 varied in the species; with values of 0.27, 0.30, 0.97, 1.29 and 1.76 hours in mice, rats, rabbits, dogs and monkeys, respectively. The volume of distribution ranged between 260 ml/kg in rats and(More)
Although selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are widely used to treat depression, they frequently cause gastrointestinal adverse effects, such as nausea and emesis. In the present study, we investigated the anti-emetic effect of mosapride, a 5-HT(4) receptor agonist, on SSRIs-induced emesis in Suncus murinus and dogs. We also examined the effect(More)
Nocardicin A is a new monocyclic beta-lactam antibiotic which provides a potent therapeutic effect in mice experimentally infected with gram-negative bacilli. When given subcutaneously to mice, the therapeutic effect of the drug was stronger than had been anticipated from in vitro studies. Nocardicin A was more potent in therapeutic effect than(More)