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Precise localization and characterization of conductance pathways in glandular epithelia have so far proved difficult. The patch-clamp technique for high resolution current recording, which has already been applied successfully to a number of electrically excitable cells, can in principle overcome these difficulties. We now report measurements of(More)
Nervous or hormonal stimulation of many exocrine glands evokes release of cellular K+ (ref. 1), as originally demonstrated in mammalian salivary glands2,3, and is associated with a marked increase in membrane conductance1,4,5. We now demonstrate directly, by using the patch-clamp technique6, the existence of a K+ channel with a large conductance localized(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been identified as central mediators in certain signalling events. In the heart, ROS have important functions in ischaemia/reperfusion-induced cardiac injury and in cytokine-stimulated hypertrophy. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) is one of the ROS-responsive serine/threonine kinases. Previous studies showed(More)
The distribution patterns of cystatin C and apolipoprotein E (apo E) were studied immunocytochemically in the gerbil hippocampus before and after 5 min ischemia. In the controls, cystatin C was distributed mainly in astrocytes. In addition, a large number of dots positive for cystatin C were observed around the outlines of neuronal perikarya in the CA1(More)
Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is induced by a variety of conditions associated with oxidative stress. We demonstrated that mildly oxidized LDL markedly induces HO-1 in human aortic endothelial and smooth muscle cell cocultures and that its induction results in the attenuation of monocyte chemotaxis resulting from treatment with mildly oxidized LDL in vitro. To(More)
We found that apolipoprotein E (apo E) accumulates in a trace of the hippocampal CA1 pyramidal cell layer within 6 months after 5 min ischaemia. Intense methenamine-silver (M-S) stainings were seen in the entire CA1 subfield 3 months after ischaemia. The M-S staining pattern may imply the appearance of soluble A beta-like proteins. The apo E-positive trace(More)
We report here the results of therapeutic trials in 200 patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM)/tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) conducted in our department between 1986 and 1993. Motor disability grades were improved by more than one grade in 69.5% (91/131) of patients by oral administration of prednisolone, 50% (3/6) by eperisone hydrochloride(More)
1. Mammalian platelets were freshly isolated from human, rabbit, or rat blood. The whole-cell and cell-attached voltage-clamp variations of the patch-clamp technique were employed to study the passive electrical properties and ion channels of unstimulated platelets. 2. The input capacitance of a platelet measured by the phase-sensitive detection method was(More)
The presence of Ca2+- and voltage-activated K+ channels was directly demonstrated in the apical cell membrane of gallbladder epithelium by patch-clamp single-channel current recording. In K+-depolarized epithelial cells, negative pipette potentials induced outward current steps when the patch-pipette was filled with Na+-rich solution and these current steps(More)