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Recent molecular genetic studies suggest that the expression of transcription factors in the developing spinal cord helps determine the morphological and physiological properties of neurons. Using the zebrafish preparation, we have examined the properties of neurons marked by alx, a zebrafish homolog of mammalian Chx10. We performed morphological and(More)
In teleost fish, the Mauthner (M) cell, a large reticulospinal neuron in the brainstem, triggers escape behavior. Spinal commissural inhibitory interneurons that are electrotonically excited by the M-axon have been identified, but the behavioral roles of these neurons have not yet been addressed. Here, we studied these neurons, named CoLo (commissural(More)
The cerebellum is important for the integration of sensory perception and motor control, but its structure has mostly been studied in mammals. Here, we describe the cell types and neural tracts of the adult zebrafish cerebellum using molecular markers and transgenic lines. Cerebellar neurons are categorized to two major groups: GABAergic and glutamatergic(More)
The p2 progenitor domain in the ventral spinal cord gives rise to two interneuron subtypes: V2a and V2b. Delta-Notch-mediated cell-cell interactions between postmitotic immature neurons have been implicated in the segregation of neuron subtypes. However, lineage relationships between V2a and V2b neurons have not been reported. We address this issue using(More)
The developing spinal cord is subdivided into distinct progenitor domains, each of which gives rise to different types of neurons. However, the developmental mechanisms responsible for generating neuronal diversity within a domain are not well understood. Here, we have studied zebrafish V0 neurons, those that derive from the p0 progenitor domain, to address(More)
BACKGROUND During locomotion in vertebrates, reticulospinal neurons in the hindbrain play critical roles in providing descending excitation to the spinal cord locomotor systems. However, despite the fact that many genes that are used to classify the neuronal identities of neurons in the hindbrain have been identified, the molecular identity of the(More)
OBJECTIVE . To assess the efficacy and safety of etanercept in a large cohort of children with refractory systemic onset juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (SOJRA). METHODS Standardized questionnaires were sent to US pediatric rheumatologists about patients with SOJRA treated with etanercept. Data were collected at baseline and at the last visit on etanercept.(More)
The vertebrate hindbrain contains various sensory-motor networks controlling movements of the eyes, jaw, head, and body. Here we show that stripes of neurons with shared neurotransmitter phenotype that extend throughout the hindbrain of young zebrafish reflect a broad underlying structural and functional patterning. The neurotransmitter stripes contain cell(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate risk factors for subclinical atherosclerosis in a population of patients with pediatric systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS In a prospective multicenter study, a cohort of 221 patients underwent baseline measurements of carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) as part of the Atherosclerosis Prevention in Pediatric Lupus(More)