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Calcium plays a fundamental role as second messenger in intracellular signaling and bone serves as the body's calcium reserve to tightly maintain blood calcium levels. Calcium in ingested meal is the main supply and inadequate calcium intake causes osteoporosis and bone fracture. Here, we describe a novel mechanism of how ingested calcium is deposited on(More)
Obesity is a major risk factor for sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). However, many Japanese subjects with diabetes are less obese despite compared with Caucasian. We evaluated the relationship between SDB and clinical characteristics other than obesity, especially in relation to cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN) in Japanese subjects with diabetes. The(More)
Rising demand for islet transplantation will lead to severe donor shortage in the near future, especially in countries where cadaveric organ donation is scarce. We undertook a successful transplantation of living-donor islets for unstable diabetes. The recipient was a 27-year-old woman who had had brittle, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus for 12 years.(More)
We previously found that chronic exposure to glibenclamide inhibits acute glibenclamide-induced insulin secretion by reducing the number of functional ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels on the plasma membrane of pancreatic beta-cells. In the present study, we compared sulfonylurea-induced and glinide-induced insulin secretion in pancreatic beta-cells(More)
We retrospectively examined the frequency of bladder cancer in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes in relation to use of pioglitazone. Among a total of 663 patients identified to be taking pioglitazone, 9 had bladder cancer (1.36%). Overall the hazard ratio of 1.75 [95% CI: 0.89-3.45] for pioglitazone for bladder cancer was not significant. However the(More)
Gatifloxacin can cause both hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia in both diabetic and non-diabetic patients. Gatifloxacin recently has been reported to stimulate insulin secretion by inhibition of ATP-sensitive K(+) (K(ATP)) channels in pancreatic beta-cells. Gatifloxacin-induced hypoglycemia is associated with concomitant use of sulfonylureas, and usually occurs(More)
Medications to treat hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia are expected to inhibit the accumulation of advanced glycation end-products in the diabetic kidney and improve renal function by inhibiting oxidative reactions. In this study, we examined the effect of pioglitazone, an insulin sensitizer, on diabetic nephropathy. Feed containing pioglitazone at 0.01 or(More)
A comparative study of planar images and single photon emission tomography (SPET) of thallium-201 chloride and gallium-67 citrate was performed in 38 patients with proven primary lung cancer to detect the primary lung tumour and to establish the presence of metastasis in the lung hilum and mediastinum. The findings of planar images and SPET were compared(More)
We report consecutive Japanese patients presented with acute onset diabetic ketosis who had negative glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibody (GADAb) to clarify the clinical characteristics of them. A total of consecutive 1,296 in-patients with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus, who were admitted to our center from April 2003 to October 2008, were analyzed.(More)
Glutamate-cysteine ligase is a rate-limiting enzyme in the de novo synthesis of glutathione, a known scavenger of electrophiles and reactive oxygen species. Glutamate-cysteine ligase catalytic subunit (GCLC) is regulated transcriptionally by nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2). It has been reported that ethanol induces human GCLC production(More)