Yukiko Iwase

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To search for possible anti-tumor promoters, thirteen flavones (1-13) obtained from the peel of Citrus plants were examined for their inhibitory effects on the Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation by a short-term in vitro assay. Of these flavones, 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxyflavone (HPT) (13) exhibited significant inhibitory effects on the(More)
Nobiletin and 3,5,6,7,8,3',4'-heptamethoxyflavone (HPT), isolated from the peel of Citrus plants, were examined for the anti-tumor-initiating activity on two-stage carcinogenesis of mouse skin tumors induced by a nitric oxide donor, (+/-)-(E)-methyl-2-[(E)-hydroxyimino]-5-nitro-6-methoxy-3-hexenamide, as an initiator and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate(More)
Dysmorphogenic effects of di-n-butyltin dichloride (DBTC) were evaluated in vitro using the rat whole embryo culture system. Wistar rat embryos were explanted on day 8 of gestation and cultured for 68 hr. DBTC was added to the culture medium at the start of culture to achieve final concentrations of 3, 10 and 30 ng/ml. At the end of culture, the embryos(More)
Six bisdesmosidic bayogenin saponins, named tacacosides A1, A2, B1, B2, B3 and C, were isolated from the fruit and aerial parts of Sechium pittieri (COGN.) C. Jeffrey and S. talamancense (WUNDERLIN) C. Jeffrey, Costa Rican cucurbitaceae plants. Their structures were elucidated on spectral and chemical evidence as follows. Tacacoside A1:(More)
We investigated the effects of natural flavones, quercetin and morin, and their pentamethyl, pentaethyl, pentapropyl, pentabutyl and pentaallyl ethers, on the function of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) assessed by an increase in the uptake of [3H]vincristine by human myelogenous leukemia (K562) cells and adriamycin-resistant human myelogenous leukemia (K562/ADM)(More)
To search for possible anti-tumor promoters, ten flavonoid derivatives (1-10) synthesized from morin and quercetin were examined for their inhibitory effects on the Epstein-Barr virus early antigen (EBV-EA) activation by a short-term in vitro assay. Of these compounds, pentaallyl ethers (9, 10) showed significant inhibitory effects on EBV-EA activation(More)
From the herb of Luffa acutangula ROXB. (Cucurbitaceae), seven oleanane-type triterpene saponins, acutosides A--G, were isolated and their structures were determined. Acutoside A is oleanolic acid 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1----2)-beta-D-glucopyranoside. Acutosides B, D, E, F and G have a common prosapogenin structure, acutoside A, and only differ in the(More)
Four new echinocystic acid 3,28-O-bisdesmosides, scaberosides Ha, Hb1, Hb2 and Hc1, were isolated as their methyl esters from the ground part of Aster scaber THUNB. (Compositae) along with foetidissimoside A and scaberoside A2, and their structures were determined based on spectral and chemical evidence. These glycosides have a common prosapogenin(More)
The MeOH extract of the fruits of Bupleurum rotundifolium showed inhibitory activity against human gastric adenocarcinoma (MK-1) cell growth. Bioactivity-guided fractionation of the MeOH extract led to the isolation of four new triglycosides of 13beta,28-epoxy oleanane-type triterpenes, named rotundiosides O, Q, S and T; 12 new glycosides of oleanane-type(More)
The teratogenic potential of caffeine was examined in vitro by a whole embryo culture system (WECS) and an embryonic cell culture system (micromas teratogen assay: MTA) in the rat. In the WECS, hyperemia of the tail, and a reduction of the placental size was induced by caffeine at concentrations higher than 50 micrograms/ml; hypoplasia of the forelimb bud(More)