Yukiko Fukuhara

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It has been hypothesized that certain viral infections directly activate a transcription factor(s) which is responsible for the activation of genes encoding type I interferons (IFNs) and interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs) via interferon regulatory factor (IRF) motifs present in their respective promoters. These events trigger the activation of defense(More)
Interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-1 and IRF-2 have been implicated for the virus-induced expression of the interferon-alpha and beta (type I IFN) genes. However, recent gene disruption studies in mice suggested the presence of other factor(s) interacting with overlapping promoter elements. In the present paper, we describe the characterization of a DNA(More)
Transcription factor IRF-3 is post-translationally activated by Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling and has critical roles in the regulation of innate immunity. Here we present the X-ray crystal structure of the C-terminal regulatory domain of IRF-3(175-427) (IRF-3 175C) at a resolution of 2.3 A. IRF-3 175C is structurally similar to the Mad homology domain(More)
Bacterial genes for the degradation of major dilignols produced in lignifying xylem are expected to be useful tools for the structural modification of lignin in plants. For this purpose, we isolated pinZ involved in the conversion of pinoresinol from Sphingobium sp. strain SYK-6. pinZ showed 43-77% identity at amino acid level with bacterial NmrA-like(More)
BACKGROUND Familial platelet disorder (FPD) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by thrombocytopenia and abnormal platelet function. Causal mutations have been identified in the gene encoding runt-related transcription factor 1 (RUNX1) of FPD patients. OBJECTIVES To elucidate the role of RUNX1 in the regulation of expression of platelet(More)
Infections of bacteria and viruses induce host defense reactions known as innate responses that include the production of cytokines and chemokines. The production of type I interferon (IFN) is known to be induced by viral double-stranded (ds) RNA or bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Although important functions for the transcription factors NF-kappaB and(More)
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