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To examine the biological effects of radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic fields in vitro, we have examined the fundamental cellular responses, such as cell growth, survival, and cell cycle distribution, following exposure to a wide range of specific absorption rates (SAR). Furthermore, we compared the effects of continuous and intermittent exposure at high(More)
PURPOSE Positron emission tomography (PET), the blood flow response in the primary visual cortex (V1) to two visual stimuli, low temporal frequency (6 Hz) to activate the parvocellular system, and high temporal frequency (25 Hz) to activate the magnocellular system were used to investigate pathophysiologic mechanism of amblyopia. METHODS Five women and(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated optic radiation (OR) damage in patients with glaucoma by using fractional anisotropy (FA) of diffusion-tensor magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS We studied 29 patients with glaucoma and 19 healthy controls. Regions of interest were placed over the bilateral anterior and posterior ORs on the FA maps, and the FA value of each region(More)
Essential blepharospasm (EB) is classified as a form of focal dystonia characterized by involuntary spasms of the musculature of the upper face. The basic neurological process causing EB is not known. The purpose of this study was to investigate cerebral glucose metabolism in patients with EB whose symptoms were suppressed by an injection of botulinum-A(More)
Dystonia is an involuntary movement disorder dominated by sustained muscle contractions that frequently cause twisting, repetitive movements, and postural changes. The purpose of this study was to determine the mechanism causing dystonia. We therefore employed a rat model of dystonia, which was induced by injecting (-)-bicuculine methiodide (BM), a(More)
The increasing use of mobile phones has aroused public concern regarding the potential health risks of radiofrequency (RF) fields. We investigated the effects of exposure to RF fields (2.45 GHz, continuous wave) at specific absorption rate (SAR) of 1, 5, and 10 W/kg for 1, 4, and 24 h on gene expression in a normal human glial cell line, SVGp12, using DNA(More)
To investigate the induction of chromosomal aberrations in mouse m5S cells after exposure to high-frequency electromagnetic fields (HFEMFs) at 2.45 GHz, cells were exposed for 2 h at average specific absorption rates (SARs) of 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 W/kg with continuous wave-form (CW), or at a mean SAR of 100 W/kg (with a maximum of 900 W/kg) with pulse(More)
To localize regional alterations in cerebral glucose metabolism in essential blepharospasm (EB) patients with photophobia. We have studied 22 EB patients by performing positron emission tomography and [(18)F]-fluorodeoxyglucose analysis. The patients were classified into two subgroups, namely, EB with photophobia (P group) and EB without photophobia (NP(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to apply positron emission tomography (PET) with C-8-dicyclopropylmethyl-1-methyl-3-propylxanthine (MPDX), a radioligand for adenosine A1 receptor (A1R), to patients with hemianopia caused by brain injury to study neurorepair mechanisms in the brain. PATIENTS AND METHODS Four patients with homonymous hemianopia and 15(More)
PURPOSE Although activation of the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN) has been shown by functional magnetic resonance imaging, a quantitative evaluation of the activity has not been reported by positron emission tomography (PET). The purpose of this study was to quantify the degree of activation of the LGN and other vision-related structures by visual stimuli(More)