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This study investigated the strength and size ratios between reciprocal muscle groups in the thigh and lower leg of soccer players. In 11 male collegiate soccer players and 21 male non-soccer players, the joint torques developed during isometric maximal voluntary contractions of the knee extensors (TQ(KE)) and flexors (TQ(KF)), plantar flexors (TQ(PF)) and(More)
The present study investigated whether the muscle size balance affects the muscle strength balance between reciprocal muscle groups in the thigh and lower leg. 18 young men volunteered as subjects. The joint torques developed during isometric maximal voluntary knee extension and flexion, plantar flexion and dorsiflexion were measured using a dynamometer.(More)
This study examined the relationship of muscle size indices of the pectoralis major muscle with bench press and bench throw performances in 18 male collegiate athletes. The maximal cross-sectional area (MCSAMAx) and volume (MV) of the pectoralis major muscle were determined by magnetic resonance imaging. First, subjects were tested for their one repetition(More)
This study compared strength and size of reciprocal muscle groups in the lower leg between sexes. 20 young men and 14 young women volunteered as subjects. Joint torques developed during isometric maximal voluntary plantar flexion (TQPF) and dorsiflexion (TQDF) were measured using a dynamometer. Muscle volumes of plantar flexors (MVPF) and dorsiflexors(More)
Longitudinal relaxation time (T(1)) determined by 3.0-T magnetic resonance imaging of the tibialis anterior and extensor digitorum longus muscles increased gradually with muscle fatigue caused by three 120-s periods of repeated ankle dorsiflexion separated by 5-min rest periods. T(1) values decreased in the recovery period, although they remained higher(More)
Spinal somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) have been used to monitor spinal cord function during corrective scoliosis surgery. We report three cases in which direct epidural stimulation for measurement of SSEPs produced paraspinal muscle contraction, resulting in respiratory and metabolic acidosis. In two of the cases, SSEP-induced acidosis was observed(More)
We investigated the contribution of adenosine neuromodulation to mechanisms of pentobarbital-induced depression of excitatory synaptic transmission in vitro. Transverse hippocampal slices were prepared from brains removed from isoflurane-anesthetized male Wistar rats. Field excitatory postsynaptic potentials (fEPSPs), elicited by orthodromic electrical(More)
Evoked spinal cord potential (ESCP) elicited by direct spinal cord stimulation has been applied to monitor the spinal cord function during spinal surgery. We report here two patients who showed excessive muscle contraction and developed severe metabolic acidosis as a result of the stimulation of spinal cord to measure ESCP. These changes were prevented by(More)
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