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We studied the correlation between expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and their receptors with vascularity, metastasis, and proliferative index of human colon cancers. Immunohistochemical analyses using antibodies against VEGF, bFGF, their receptors (KDR, flt-1, bek, and flg), factor VIII, and(More)
Streptomyces avermitilis is a soil bacterium that carries out not only a complex morphological differentiation but also the production of secondary metabolites, one of which, avermectin, is commercially important in human and veterinary medicine. The major interest in this genus Streptomyces is the diversity of its production of secondary metabolites as an(More)
The Notch-signalling pathway is important in establishing metameric pattern during somitogenesis. In mice, the lack of either of two molecules involved in the Notch-signalling pathway, Mesp2 or presenilin-1 (Ps1), results in contrasting phenotypes: caudalized versus rostralized vertebra. Here we adopt a genetic approach to analyse the molecular mechanism(More)
Humans and owls localize sounds by detecting the arrival time disparity between the ears. Both species determine the interaural time difference by finding the delay necessary to match the leading signal with the lagging one. This method produces ambiguity with periodic signals, because the two signals can be matched by delaying either one or the other. As(More)
Dermatomes of rats from C1 to T1 (forelimb) and from T12 to S2 (hindlimb) were determined by electrical stimulation of spinal nerves following the intravenous administration of Evans blue. After stimulation of the ventral ramus of a spinal nerve, a blue spotted area presenting the maximal innervation area of the spinal nerve appeared in the skin. Maximal(More)
To address the question of whether gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) induces a change in the concentration of Ca2+ in neurons of the developing visual cortex, and if so, to elucidate a developmental profile of such a GABA-induced change, we measured intracellular Ca2+ signals using microscopic fluorometry in visual cortical slices loaded with rhod-2. The(More)
Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) has been shown to play an important role in macrophage-mediated diseases. We investigate the potential role of MIF in atherogenesis using a hypercholesterolemic rabbit model. New Zealand White rabbits fed with a 2% cholesterol diet developed hypercholesterolemia and early fatty streaks at 1 month. The lesions(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of mammals is considered to be a circadian oscillator and it also demonstrates circadian rhythmicity of its multiple unit activity. A number of neuropeptides have been found in the SCN. Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)- and vasopressin-containing neurons comprise large populations of these cells and have a distinct(More)
Cell expansion, a developmental process regulated by both endogenous programs and environmental stimuli, is critically important for plant growth. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of RSG (for repression of shoot growth), a transcriptional activator with a basic leucine zipper (bZIP) domain. To examine the role of RSG in plant development,(More)
The effects of 3-week treatment with a typical antipsychotic drug chlorpromazine and three atypical antipsychotic drugs (risperidone, olanzapine and perospirone) on the binding to dopamine D2 and serotonin 5-HT2A receptors were examined in the rat stratum and frontal cortex, respectively. Subchronic treatment with chlorpromazine (10 mg/kg) and perospirone(More)