Yukihiro Shimizu

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Natural killer T (NKT) cells have been recently reported to concern with various lipid disorders. The role of NKT cells in the hepatic lipid disorder, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), has, however, not yet been clarified. To assess the role of NKT cells in the pathogenesis of NAFLD, we analyzed the composition and function of(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Dendritic cells (DCs) are the most potent professional antigen-presenting cells. Although two subsets of circulating DCs, lineage(-)CD11c(+)CD4(low) (CD11c(+)DCs) and lineage (-)CD11c(-)CD4(+)CD123(+) (CD123(+)DCs) are identified in humans, the role of each DC subset in the immunopathogenesis of liver diseases is unknown. METHODS We(More)
The spectrum of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is both diverse and complex. The first step in diagnosis is a suspicion of DILI based on careful consideration of recent comprehensive reports on the disease. There are some situations in which the suspicion of DILI is particularly strong. Exclusion of other possible etiologies according to the pattern of(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still a serious worldwide problem, and vaccination is the most effective strategy for primary prevention of the infection. Although universal vaccination may be required for total eradication, several countries, including Japan, have not yet adopted universal vaccination programs. Some individuals are non-responders to(More)
A 64-year-old female with advanced liver cirrhosis who had never experienced severe infections presented in 2004 with general malaise. At the time, her serum showed low levels of immunoglobulin (Ig) M (11 mg/dl) with high levels of both IgG (2,942 mg/dl) and IgA (808 mg/dl). Because serum levels of IgG and IgA in previous cases of selective IgM deficiency(More)
Potential causes of abnormal liver function tests include viral hepatitis, alcohol intake, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, autoimmune liver diseases, hereditary diseases, hepatobiliary malignancies or infection, gallstones and drug-induced liver injury. Moreover, the liver may be involved in systemic diseases that mainly affect other organs. Therefore, in(More)
Expression of costimulatory molecules is significantly upregulated in various organs in an animal model of severe hepatitis induced by injection of Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In the present study, we examined whether blockade of costimulatory signals by CTLA-4Ig can suppress the liver injury in this model. We injected(More)
Hepatitis B is caused by the host immune response and T cells play a major role in the immunopathogenesis. More importantly, T cells not only destroy hepatocytes infected by hepatitis B virus (HBV), but also control HBV replication or eradicate HBV in a noncytolytic manner. Therefore, analysis of T cell immune response during acute and chronic HBV infection(More)
Here, we report an elderly man with acute-on-chronic hepatitis accompanied by massive ascites. He showed elevated serum transaminase and anti-nuclear antibody (ANA) levels. Liver biopsy showed diffuse multinucleated giant hepatocytes with interface hepatitis, and he recovered with administration of azathioprine in addition to corticosteroids. Follow-up(More)
Systemic abnormalities often occur in patients with liver disease. In particular, cardiopulmonary or renal diseases accompanied by advanced liver disease can be serious and may determine the quality of life and prognosis of patients. Therefore, both hepatologists and non-hepatologists should pay attention to such abnormalities in the management of patients(More)